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Published In: Annales Botanici Fennici 18: 128. 1981. (Ann. Bot. Fenn.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 2/20/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/17/2009)
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 3/17/2009)
general taxon notes:


The Splachnobryaceae were considered to be a monogeneric family published by T. Koponen (1981). The genus, Splachnobryum C. Müll., was traditionally placed in the Splachnaceae Grev. & Arnott, and sometimes, it is still treated under the latter family as recently as in 2000 by X.-J. Li (ed.). Allen and Purcell (2000) provided a convincing argument concerning the systematic position of Splachnobryum. Recently, Arts (2001) published a worldwide revision of the Splachnobryaceae and further supported the placement of Splachnobryum in its own family. In addition, a new genus, Koponobryum Arts, was published to accommodate Splachnobryum bengalense Gang. Thus, the Splachnobryaceae presently consist of two genera in the world.


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短壶藓科   duan-hu xian ke
by Si He and Gao Chien
Plants small to rather large, slender, soft, green or yellowish green to reddish brown, in loose or dense tufts. Stems erect, simple or infrequently branched; central strand not differentiated or only weakly differentiated. Leaves sparse below, more crowded above, more or less contorted when dry, erect-patent when moist, oblong-ovate or lingulate, rounded obtuse to sometimes bluntly acute or apiculate at apex; margins plane, entire to minutely crenulate, sometimes bordered; costa single, ending above the midleaf to just below leaf apex or sometimes percurrent; leaf cells lax, thin-walled, smooth. Dioicous. Perigonia minute, budlike, terminal, without paraphyses. Perichaetia terminal or lateral, perichaetial leaves not differentiated from stem leaves. Setae erect, short to elongate, 4–15 mm long; capsules oblong-ovoid to cylindrical; stomata present in the neck, superficial; opercula conic or apiculate to long-rostrate; annuli none; peristome single, narrowly lanceolate, deeply inserted below the mouth, more or less papillose. Calyptrae larger, cucullate, naked. Spores spherical, minutely papillose.

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Only one genus is found in China.

1. Splachnobryum Müll. Hal.

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