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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 226[I,3]: 863. 1906. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/22/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Notes     (Last Modified On 12/8/2010)
general taxon notes:


The Lembophyllaceae contains about 10 genera; only Orthostichella and Pilotrichella are present in the Neotropics. Both genera were previously placed in the Meteoriaceae. The family is placed in the order Hypnales.


Buck, W. R. 1994a. A new attempt at understanding the Meteoriaceae. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 75: 51-72.


Reference List     (Last Modified On 12/8/2010)


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Plants mostly medium sized to rather large, forming loose mats or pendulous strands, rarely subdendroid, glossy green, yellowish- or reddish-brown. Stems pendent to spreading or suberect, irregularly to regularly pinnately branched; flagellate branches infrequent; in cross-section outer 3-6 rows of cells small, thick-walled, inner cells thin- to somewhat thick-walled, central strand present or more often absent; pseudoparaphyllia absent; rhizoids often clustered beneath primary stems. Leaves differentiated or not between stem and branch in size or shape, erect to erect-spreading, broadly ovate, concave, apex short acute to acuminate, base straight, rounded or auriculate; costae single and weak (occasionally forked) or absent; median cells linear, smooth, often porose; basal cells porose; insertion cells often golden-yellow; alar region weakly to strongly differentiated. Dioicous. Perichaetia lateral; leaves often differentiated. Setae somewhat elongate, smooth. Capsules exserted, erect to inclined, urn ovoid to broadly cylindrical; stomata usually present, at urn base, superficial; opercula rostrate; peristome double, exostome teeth 16, papillose; endostome basal membrane low to somewhat high, segments 16, often keeled and perforate, lightly papillose, cilia absent or rudimentary. Calyptrae mitrate, base not lobed, smooth, naked or hairy. Spores usually spherical, papillose.


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1. Leaves ca. 1 mm long, costa absent or if present then short, single and forked; base straight to auriculate at leaf insertion; alar region weakly developed, cells few, not excavate; laminal cells weakly porose or not … Orthostichella

1. Leaves mostly 1.5-3 mm long, costa absent; base distinctly auriculate at leaf insertion; alar region excavate, cells dark or pale green to dark golden-red or -brown; laminal cells strongly porose … Pilotrichella


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