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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 226[I,3]: 863. 1906. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/5/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/8/2017)
Plant Category: Mosses
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/8/2017)

      The Lembophyllaceae is placed in the order Hypnales. The family contains about 12 genera. Two genera recorded for the Neotropics and tropical Andes.


Buck, W.R. 1994a. A new attempt at understanding the Meteoriaceae. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 75: 51-72.

Buck, W.R. 1994b. The resurrection of Orthostichella. Bryologist 97: 434-435.




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LEMBOPHYLLACEAE Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 863. 1906.


Plants mostly medium sized to rather large, forming loose mats or wefts, usually glossy green, portions often black. Stems pendent to creeping or spreading, irregularly to regularly pinnately branched; flagellate branches frequent; in cross-section outer 3-6 rows of cells small, thick-walled, inner cells thin- to somewhat thick-walled, central strand present or more often absent; pseudoparaphyllia absent; rhizoids often clustered beneath primary stems. Leaves often differentiated between stem and branch, erect to erect-spreading, broadly ovate, strongly concave, apex short acute to more commonly acuminate, base rounded or auriculate; costae single and weak or absent; median cells linear, smooth, often porose; basal cells often porose; insertion cells often golden-yellow; alar region weakly to strongly differentiated. Dioicous. Perichaetia lateral; leaves often differentiated. Setae short to somewhat elongate, smooth. Capsules immersed to exserted, erect to inclined, urn ovoid to broadly cylindrical; stomata usually present, at urn base, superficial; opercula rostrate; peristome double, exostome teeth 16, papillose; endostome basal membrane low to somewhat high, segments 16, often keeled and perforate, lightly papillose, cilia absent or rudimentary. Calyptrae mitrate, base not lobed, smooth, naked or hairy. Spores usually spherical, papillose.



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1. Leaves ca. 1 mm long, ecostate and costate (often some leaves costate, others ecostate), short and forked (rarely short and single); base rounded to auriculate; alar region weakly developed, cells few, not excavate; laminal cells weakly porose or not … Orthostichella see Neckeraceae

1. Leaves 1.5-3 mm long, ecostate, base strongly auriculate; alar region excavate, cells dark golden-red or -brown; laminal cells strongly porose … Pilotrichella

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