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Published In: Bryologia Europaea 3: 215 (fasc. 23–24. Monogr. 5). 1844. (Bryol. Eur.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/17/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Tetraplodon mnioides (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. (Figs. 10–13.)
Map: Tetraplodon mnioides (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Habitat: on nitrogen rich soil or dead animal bodies; alt. 3200–4700 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, India, Russia, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Gansu: P.-Q. Zhong 8594 (PE). Nei Mongol: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), Gen-he, C. Gao 897 (IFSBH). Shaanxi: Mt. Qingling, western Tai-bai, Z.-P. Wei 6350 (IFSBH); Mt. Taibai, Z.-X. Peng 54 (MO, PE), X.-J. Li 690 (MO). Sichuan: Hei-shui Co., Allen 7315 (MO); Lu-ding Co., Y. Xuan 82063 (HKAS); Ma-er-kang Co., S. He 31256 (MO); Mu-li Co., K.-K. Chen s.n. (HKAS); Song-Pan Co., Allen 7121 (MO); Wolong Nature Reserve, Y. Xuan 8216 (HKAS); Xiang-cheng Co., J.-L. Chen 4416 (HKAS); Yuan-yan Co., L.-S. Wang 83925 (HKAS). Xinjiang: Mt. Altai, C.-Y. Yang 32186 (IFSBH). Xizang: Cuo-na Co., M. Zang 1654 (HKAS); Mi-lin Co., Y.-G. Su 5248 (HKAS); Ri-tu Co., M. Zang 5717 (HKAS); Xi-ga Co., M. Zang 728 (HKAS); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang s.n. (HKAS). Yunnan: Bi-jiang Co., M. Zang 5879 (HKAS); Da-li Co., W.-M. Zhu 6363 (HKAS), Dsang-schan (Mt.), J.-F. Rock 2983 (MO); De-qin Co., X.-J. Li 811678 (HKAS); Yang-bi Co., R.-Z. Fang 8101a (HKAS).


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2. Tetraplodon mnioides (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.   并齿藓   bing-chi xian
Bryol. Eur. 3: 215 (fasc. 23–24. Monogr. 5). 1844. Aplodon mnioides (Swartz ex Hedw.) Nees & Hornsch. in Limpr. Laubm. Deutschl. 2: 160. 1891, nom. illeg. Splachnum urceolatum var. mnioides (Swartz ex Hedw.) Wahl., Fl. Suec. (ed. 2), 2: 768. 1826. Splachnum mnioides Swartz ex Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 51. 1801. Type. Europe.
Tetraplodon bryoides Lindb., Musci Scand. 19. 1879.
Plants small to medium-sized, sometimes rather robust, usually 1–4 cm high, green or yellowish green, mixed with brownish rhizoids, in dense cushions. Stems erect, branched, radiculose at base. Leaves remotely foliate below, crowded above, erect, slightly contorted when dry, oblong-ovate, abruptly narrowed to a long-subulate apex; margins entire, marginal cells slightly yellowish; costa excurrent into a subula; upper leaf cells oblong-hexagonal to shortly rectangular; lower cells elongate, rectangular. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves rounded-ovate at base, long slenderly subulate above. Setae erect, stout, 1.0–1.5 cm long, reddish brown; capsules erect, with cylindrical urns, yellowish green when young, reddish brown when old, apophyses well developed, somewhat broader than the urns above, narrower below, gradually tapered to the seta, somewhat wrinkled when dry; stomata numerous at neck; opercula bluntly conic; annuli poorly developed; peristome teeth typical as in the genus. Calyptrae not seen. Spores 9–12 µm in diameter, matured in late summer.


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