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Published In: Bryologia Javanica 2: 115. 221. 1865. (Bryol. Jav.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu (ed.) 2001 (Pl. 101, figs. 1–13).
Click here for distribution map.
Map: Thuidium cymbifolium (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Habitat: on shady moist rocks, humus, rotten logs or trunks in large patches.
Distribution: widely distributed in the world.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Huang-shan (Mt.), P.-C. Chen et al. 6637 (PE), 7550 (MO, PE). Chongqing: Nan-chuan Co., P.-C. Wu 21155 (PE), 21018 (MO, PE). Fujian: Ning-de City, J. Zhu 1112, 1497 (HSNU). Gansu: Potanin 682 (BM). Guangdong: Mt. Luo-fu (Loh Fau), Merrill 11178 (BM). Guangxi: Jiuwanshan (Mt.), Y.-Jia 009 (PE), M.-Z. Wang 46584 (PE), Z.-Y. Li 89141 (PE); Xing-an Co., S.-S. Hu 80403 (MO). Guizhou: Gui-yang City, Boirieis 790 (PC); Jiang-kou Co., B. C. Tan 91-1149 (FH, MO). Hainan: Mt. Jianfongling, P.-C. Chen et al. 358, 779 (PE). Hebei: Wei Co., PE 2327 (MO). Hong Kong: Ah Nin H17A (BM). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 381, 462 (MO, PE). Hunan: Chang-sha City, Grubb 57 (BM). Jiangsu: Yi-xing Co., P.-C. Wu & Y.-X. Jin 2148, 2210 (MO, PE). Jiangxi: Wu-ning Co., C.-M. Tan 97034 (MO). Shaanxi: Mt. Tui-kio-san, Giraldi 2253 (as Tamariscella pycnothalla, BM, PC). Sichuan: A-ba Co., S. He 31054a (MO); Ba-tang Co., S. He 31633 (MO); Bao-xing (Pao-hsing) Co., K.-L. Chu 3485 (BM); Dao-cheng Co., S. He 31716 (MO); Ma-er-kang Co., S. He 31113 (MO); Mt. Omei, Raven et al. 76 (MO); Nan-ping Co., S. He 30264 (MO); Ruo-er-gai Co., S. He 30886 (MO); Song-pan Co., S. He 30465b (MO); Tian-quan Co., S. He 32032 (MO); Wo-long Nature Reserve, K.-Y. Lang 13152b (PE), J.-X. Luo 3234 (H, PE); Ya-jiang Co., S. He 31979 (MO); Yan-yuan (Yenyuen) Co., Handel-Mazzetti 3004 (BM). Taiwan: Chia-yi Co., Inoue 198 (BM, MO); Hsin-chu Co., Shevock 18209 (MO); Hua-lien Co., C.-I. Peng 83-76 (MO); Ilan Co., C.-I. Peng 83-25 (MO); Miao-li Co., Shevock 14337A (MO); Nan-tou Co., Shevock 14416 (MO); Tai-chung Co., Shevock 18173 (MO). Xinjiang: Tian-shan Mts, J.-C. Zhao 3446b (HBNC). Yunnan: An-ning Co., Redfearn & M. Zang 33341 (MO); Kun-ming City, Koponen 37452 (H, MO); Nu-jiang (Lu-djiang), Handel-Mazzetti 9071 (BM); Rui-li Co., X.-Y. Jia 910160 (MO); Xishuangbanna, W.-X. Xu 6010 (PE). Zhejiang: Hang-zhou City, Buck 23926 (NY); Lin-an Co., P.-C. Chen 7918 (MO, PE); Mt. West Tian-mu, R.-L. Hu 6 (MO).


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2. Thuidium cymbifolium (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. 大羽藓 da-yu xian
Bryol. Jav. 2: 115. 1867. Hypnum cymbifolium Dozy & Molk., Ann. Sci. Bot., ser. 3, 2: 306. 1844. Type. Indonesia: Java.
Thuidium japonicum Dozy & Molk. ex Sande Lac., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 2: 297. 1865 [1866].


Plants robust, up to or more than 10 cm long, light green to dark green, yellowish brown when old, often in large, interwoven patches. Stems creeping, usually regularly bipinnately branched; branches about 1.5 cm long; central strand differentiated; paraphyllia dense on stems and branches, foliose or filamentous, apical cells multipapillose. Stem leaves loosely appressed when dry, erect-patent when moist, suddenly narrowed from a triangularly ovate base to a lanceolate to piliferous apex, usually 6–10 cells long; margins mostly revolute or slightly revolute, rarely plane, serrulate above; costa extending to the lanceolate apex, with papillae or paraphyllia on back; median leaf cells oval-rhomboidal to elliptic, 5–20 µm wide, setulosely unipapillose; branch leaves concave, ovate or oblong-ovate, with a short apex; costa up to 2/3 the leaf length. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves widely ovate-lanceolate, margins entire. Setae yellowish brown to reddish brown, about 2 cm long; capsules cylindrical; peristome double; exostome teeth broadly lanceolate, reddish brown, papillose above; endostome segments as long as the exostome teeth, finely papillose; basal membrane about 1/2 the length of endostome segments; cilia 2–3. Spores ca. 20 µm in diameter, finely papillose.


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