Timmiella anomala (Bruch & Schimp.) Limpr., Laubm. Deutschl. 1: 592. 1888.
Barbula anomala Bruch & Schimp., Bryol. Eur. Fasc. 13–15: 45. 1842. Protologue: France. In olivetis prope Varennam ad lacum comensem et in ipsius lacus ripis fruticibus umbratis, praeprimis versus Bellano leg. W. P. Schimp cum amico Mühlenbeck, ineunte Julio 1840.
Trichostomum subanomalum Besch., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 177. 1872. Timmiella subanomala (Besch.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 396. 1902. Protologue: Mexico. In Monte Orizabensi (Galeotti n° 6973; Mejico (Bourg. n° 1357 pro parte).
Plants dull yellow-green to green, in dense or loose tufts to 15 mm high. Stems red, erect, sparsely and irregularly branched, rosulate-foliate; hyalodermis present, central strand well-developed; rhizoids moderately developed below, reddish brown, smooth. Lower leaves reduced, erect-appressed below, upper leaves 4–5 mm long, erect at base, incurved, spirally twisted and contorted, tubular above when dry, erect-spreading when wet, lanceolate; apices acute; margins denticulate above, serrulate to serrate below, plane below and variously incurved above; costa percurrent to short excurrent, guide cells and two stereid bands well-developed, ventral surface layer of short, bulging-mammillose cells; upper cells rounded-quadrate, firm-walled, bistratose except at margins, bulging-mammillose ventrally, plane dorsally, 7.5–10 x 7.5 μm, basal interior cells oblong, thin-walled, bulging, hyaline, smooth, to 87.5 x 17.5 μm, basal marginal cells narrowly rectangular to elongate, firm and straight-walled, smooth. Autoicous. Perigonia lateral, perichaetia terminal, perichaetial leaves weakly differentiated. Setae 15–25 mm long, red, smooth, spirally twisted. Capsules narrowly cylindrical, 4–4.5 mm long; stomata at base; opercula high-conic, 1 mm long; annuli large, compound, deciduous; peristome teeth divided nearly to the base into 32 slender filaments, red, densely spiculose, 575–600 μm long, straight or very weakly twisted clockwise. Spores 10–12.5 μm, smooth to somewhat roughened. Calyptrae 3.5 mm long.