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!Timmiella anomala (Bruch & Schimp.) Limpr. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Die Laubmoose Deutschlands, Oesterreichs und der Schweiz 1: 592. 1888. (Laubm. Deutschl.) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/22/2013)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 10/22/2013)
Nomenclature: T. anomala (B.S.G.) Limpr., Laubm. Deutschl. 1: 592. 1888.
Barbula anomala B.S.G., Bryol. Eur. 2(fasc. 13/15). 1842.
Trichostomum subanomalum Besch., Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 177. 1872.
Timmiella subanomala (Besch.) Broth. in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. 1(3): 396. 1902.
Distribution: On calcareous soil, rock, or bases of trees at moderate to high altitudes; Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoac‡n, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potos’, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz. - Mexico; Guatemala and El Salvador; southwestern United States; southern Europe; Himalayas.
Discussion: A Mexican report of a sterile collection of T. crassinervis (Hampe) L. Koch needs verification (Bowers, Delgadillo & Sharp, 1976). The monoicous sexuality of T. anomala provides the only certain means of distinguishing it from that species of western North America.
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Plants 15-20 mm high. Stems with a strong central strand (and occasionally hollow) and a hyaloderm; axillary hairs hyaline. Leaves up to 4 or 5 mm long, somewhat broadened above a short, erect base; margins bluntly and remotely serrate above the middle, serrulate below (usually nearly to the base); costa percurrent, covered ventrally by short, bulging-mammillose cells and dorsally by elongate, smooth cells, with 10-16 guide cells in 1 layer and hydroid strands (Begleiter cells) below and sometimes above them and 3-5 parenchymatous cells between the ventral stereids and the epidermis; upper cells 9-12 µm; basal cells 10-18 µm wide. Autoicous (reported to be synoicous as well, perhaps also rhizautoicous). Setae 15-20 mm long, yellow- to red-brown, clockwise-twisted; capsules 3-5 mm long, brown, ± striolate when dry; annulus up to 5 cell layers thick, revoluble or deciduous in fragments; operculum about 1.3 mm high, high-conic, with cells in straight or weakly clockwise-twisted rows; exothecial cells elongate; peristome teeth 300-650 µm long, straight or weakly twisted in a clockwise fashion. Spores 10-13 µm, yellowish, weakly papillose.
 

 

 
 
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