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Published In: Bryologia Universa 2: 18. 1827. (Bryol. Univ.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/18/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Philonotis fontana (Hedw.) Brid. (Figs. 11–15.)
Map: Philonotis fontana (Hedw.) Brid. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Habitat: on rocks or wet soil; alt. 1060–4100 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Mongolia, Russia, Europe, North, Central, and South America, and Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Jin-zhai Co., Z.-M. Zeng T0197 (MO). Fujian: Mt. Wuyi, M.-X. Gong 326 (HKAS); Zhongzhou City, M. Zang 54 (HKAS). Gansu: Mt. Qilian, Z.-D. Zhuo 125 (HKAS). Henan: Xinyang City, J.-X. Luo 24 (PE). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, G.-C. Zhang 34202 (IFSBH). Hunan: Sang-zhi Co., T. Cao 42875 (IFSBH). Jilin: An-tu Co., C. Gao 1343 (IFSBH). Nei Mongol: Mt. Wufeng, P.-C. Chen 1000 (HKAS). Shaanxi: Hu Co., Z.-P. Wei 4799 (HKAS); Mt. Taibai, Z.-P. Wei 5002 (HKAS). Shandong: Mt. Lao, C. Gao & E.-Z. Bai 34462 (MO). Shanxi: Yong-ji Co., Y.-J. Ling 20 (HKAS). Sichuan: Mt. Erlang, C. Gao 17819 (IFSBH); Song-pan Co., S. He 30589 (MO). Taiwan: Ilan Co., Shin 13223 (MAK); Nan-tou Co., S. He 36157, 36206 (both in MO), Shevock 14450 (CAS, MO); Tayuling, Liu et al. 4748 (MO). Xinjiang: He-jing Co., S. He 951144 (MO); Mt. Bogeda, S.-E. Liu 3514 (HKAS); Ürumqi Co., S. He 951095, 951071 (both in MO). Xizang: Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 4553 (HKAS). Yunnan: Bin-chuan Co., M.-K. Cui 305 (HKAS); Da-guan City, X.-J. Li 124155 (HKAS); De-qin Co., X.-J. Li 2043 (HKAS); Meng-hai Co., Redfearn et al. 34097 (MO); Zhaotong City, W.-M. Zhu 7315 (HKAS). Zhejiang: Mt. West Tianmu, R.-L. Hu 86 (MO).


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6. Philonotis fontana (Hedw.) Brid.   泽藓   ze xian
Bryol. Univ. 2: 18. 1827. Bartramia fontana (Hedw.) Turn., Muscol. Hibern. Spic. 107. 1804. Mnium fontanum Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 195. 1801. Type: Europe.
Philonotis lutea Mitt. J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 63. 1859.
Plants medium-sized to large, yellowish green, glossy, in dense tufts. Stems erect, 2–10 cm high, usually branched, densely tomentose below, rhizoids smooth. Leaves dense, erect-spreading, more or less secund, ca. 2.0–2.5 mm long, cordate or broadly ovate at base, distinctly plicate, gradually acuminate at apex; margins recurved, serrulate; costae percurrent or shortly excurrent; leaf cells with papillae at upper cell ends above, at lower ends below; upper cells elongate-rhomboidal to sublinear; lower cells rectangular to subquadrate. Dioicous. Setae 1.5–3.5 cm long; capsules ovoid, 2.5–3.0 mm × 1.7–2.0 mm, suberect to inclined, furrowed when dry. Spores not seen.


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