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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 122, t. 27, f. 1–13. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/13/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/13/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/13/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: Zander 1993 (Pl. 84, figs. 1–15).

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Tortula subulata Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/13/2009)
Habitat: on rocks in shade or on forest ground.
Distribution: China, Turkey, Russia, Europe, Africa, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/13/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Gansu: Qi-lian Shan (Mt.), Z.-D. Zhuo 76036b (PE). Hebei: Wei Co., Y.-C. Zhao 21 (PE). Henan: Aobe Shan (Mt.), H.-J. Yu 1105 (PE). Xinjiang: Jungar Basin, R.-C. Qin 1037 (HKAS).


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6. Tortula subulata Hedw.   墙藓 qiang xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 122, 27 f. 1–3. 1801. Bryum subulatum (Hedw.) With., Syst. Arr. Brit. Pl. (ed. 4) 3: 518. 1801. Syntrichia subulata (Hedw.) Web. & Mohr, Index Mus. Pl. Crypt. 2: 1803. Desmatodon subulatus (Hedw.) Jur., Laubm.-Fl. Oesterr.-Ung. 138. 1882. Type. Europe.
Plants medium-sized, rather stout, 10–30 mm high, dark green above, reddish brown below, in dense tufts. Stems erect, simple, rarely irregularly branched, radiculose below. Leaves often crowded at stem tips, contorted-curved when dry, spreading when moist, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly sub-spathulate, subulate at apex, sometimes curved at base; margins often recurved, entire or crenulate by projecting papillae, occasionally serrulate at apex, borders differentiated by 1–4 rows of strongly thick-walled, yellowish cells; costa stout, reddish brown, excurrent, ending in a short, smooth awn; upper leaf cells quadrate to hexagonal, moderately thick-walled, each cell covered with several C-shaped papillae; basal cells sharply differentiated, rectangular, hyaline and smooth. Autoicous. Setae 10–25 mm long; capsules erect, cylindrical, ca. 8 mm long; peristome teeth filiform, twisted, densely papillose; annuli consisting of 1–3 rows of vesiculose cells, deciduous.
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