Ecology. Open and forested high Yungas montane to humid puna; on soil and rocks. Elevation. 3100-4850 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Cochabamba, La Paz. World range: Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela to Bolivia, southeast Brazil.
Bartramia longifolia is distinguished by the spreading leaves 6.5-9 mm, intack, rarely deciduous leaf limb, firm, thick-walled shoulder cells, thick-walled and porose leaf base cells, generally synoicous, erect setae 13-22 mm, capsules 2.5-3 mm, double peristome, finely papillose below, finely to course vertically striate above exostome, shorter endostome (less than half the length of the exostome). The long perichaetial leaves are diagnostic. Bartramia macropoma Herzog, collected by Herzog from Tablas at 3400 m, is a synonym.
Specimens. Cochabamba: Churchill et al. 24792 (BOLV, HSB, LPB, MO, RB, USZ); La Paz: Fuentes et al. 10751 (LPB, MO, USZ).