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Published In: Prodrome des Cinquième et Sixième Familles de l'Aethéogamie 85. 1805. (Prodr. Aethéogam.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu & Y. Jia (eds.) (2004), Pl. 183, figs. 1–11.

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Pogonatum urnigerum (Hedw.) P. Beauv. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Habitat: commonly on rather dry sunny forest ground or rocks.
Distribution: China and widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huang, P.-C. Chen et al. 6812, 6845, 6981, 7406 (all in PE). Chongqing: Nan-chuan Co., Mt. Jinfo, L.-Q. Xia & M.-Z. Wang 860485 (PE). Gansu: Zhou-qu Co., Z.-P. Wei 2727 (WUK). Guizhou: Lei-shan Co., Crosby 15578 (MO); Mt. Fanjing, Crosby 15817 (MO), S.-Z. Xin 1394 (PE). Hebei: Lai-shui Co., Q.-W. Wang 1958 (PE); Mt. Dongling, J.-F. Li 544 (PE); Mt. Wutai, Q.-W. Wang 779a (PE). Henan: Song Co., J.-X. Luo 4374, 9392 (both in PE). Hong Kong: Croat 77331 (MO). Hubei: Shengnongjia, Luteyn 843 (MO, NY, PE); Yun Co., J.-Q. Xing 15486 (PE). Jiangxi: Mt. Lu, P.-C. Chen et al. 196, Z.-L. Wan 8093c (PE). Jilin: An-tuo Co., S.-E. Liu 4125 (PE); Dun-hua Co., S.-E. Liu 3624 (PE); E-mu Co., X.-W. Sun 1903 (PE); Mt. Changbai, Koponen 36636, 36691, 37080 (all in H, PE), S.-E. Liu 1451, 1674 (both in PE), Y.-L. Zhou 714, 771, 793 (all in PE), C. Gao 7260, 7461 (both in IFSBH, PE). Liaoning: Ben-xi Co., C. Gao 12560 (IFSBH). Shaanxi: An-kang Co., P.-Y. Li 8000 (PE); E-xian Co., Z.-P. Wei 4320a (WUK); Fo-ping Co., S.-E. Liu & B.-Q. Zhong 4404 (PE); Leo-yang Co., Z.-B. Wang 18592 (PE); Mt. Hua, M.-X. Zhang 369 (MO); Mt. Taibai, S.-E. Liu 917 (PE), M.-X. Zhang 110, 130 (both in WUK); Qinling, Q. Huang & G.-X. Li 553 (PE); Tai-bai Co., Z.-P. Wei 4883, 6695 (both in WUK); Wu-du Co., Z.-Y. Zhang 4771 (PE). Sichuan: Ba-tang Co., S. He 31467 (MO, PE); Hei-shui Co., Allen 7318 (MO); Lei-bo Co., P.-C. Chen 5837 (PE); Li Co., Redfearn 34939 (MO); Ma-er-kang Co., S. He 31208 (MO, PE); Mt. Omei, L.-Y. Dai T111 (PE); Song-pan Co., Redfearn 35247 (MO). Xinjiang: Urum-qi Co., S. He 951044 (MO). Xizang: Bo-mi Co., J.-X. Ying 651023 (PE); Mt. Jila, Z.-X. Tang 19 (PE); Mt. Zhumulongma, X.-G. Wang 16 (PE). Yunnan: Da-li Co., Redfearn & S. He 1123b (MO); Liangshan, X.-Y. Cai 3284 (PE). Zhejiang: Mt. West Tianmu, Y.-F. Wang 593 (HSNU).

Notes     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
general taxon notes:
Pogonatum urnigerum and P. dentatum are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, with Pogonatum urnigerum occurring at higher altitudes, up to 4000 m. The apical cells of lamellae in both species are thick-walled and densely papillose, but they differ in cross section. In Pogonatum urnigerum, the apical cells are oblong-oval; while in Pogonatum dentatum they are plane and rectangular. The stems of Pogonatum urnigerum have multiple branches, which is unique in Pogonatum.


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18. Pogonatum urnigerum (Hedw.) Beauv.   疣小金发藓   you xiao jin fa xian
Prodr. Aethéogam. 84. 1805. Polytrichum urnigerum Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 100. Pl. 22. f. 5–7. 1801. Type: Europe.
Pogonatum himalayanum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 151. 1859. Polytrichum himalayanum (Mitt.) Kindb., Enum. Bryin. Exot. 72. 1888.
Pogonatum microdendron (C. Müll.) Paris, Index Bryol. 983. 1898. Polytrichum microdendron C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 93. 1896. Type: China. Shaanxi (Schen-si), Thae-pei-san, Aug. 1893, Giraldi s.n.
Pogonatum polythamnium (C. Müll.) Paris, Index Bryol. 986. 1898. Polytrichum polythamnium C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 93. 1896. Type: China. Shaanxi (Schen-si), Kuan-tou-san, July 1893, Giraldi s.n.
Pogonatum thelicarpum (C. Müll.) Paris, Index Bryol. 988. 1898. Polytrichum thelicarpum C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 94. 1896. Type: China. Shaanxi (Schen-si), Thae-pei-san, Aug. 1894, Giraldi s.n.
Pogonatum urnigerum var. subintegrifolium (H. Arn. & C. Jens) H.A. Müll., Ark. Bot. 16(3): 69. 1921. Polytrichum urnigerum subsp. subintegrifolium H. Arn. & C. Jen., Naturwiss. Untersuch. Sarekgebirges Schwed.-Lappl., Bot. 2: 137. f. 9. 1910.
Pogonatum urnigerum var. tsangense Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 7, 15: 70. 1892. Type: China. Yunnan, Tsang-chan, Delavay 4046.
Pogonatum wallisii (C. Müll.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1873–74: 260. 1875. Polytrichum wallisii C. Müll., Linnaea 37: 171. 1872.
Polytrichastrum alpinum var. leptocarpum (Broth.) Redf. & P.-C. Wu, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 199. 1986. Polytrichum alpinum var. leptocarpum Broth., Symb. Sin. 4: 136. 1929. Type: China. Yunnan, Li-jiang Co., Handel-Mazzetti 4298 (holotype H).
Polytrichastrum alpinum var. secundifolium (Broth.) Redf. & P.-C. Wu, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 199. 1986. Polytrichum alpinum var. secundifolium Broth., Symb. Sin. 4: 137. 1929. Type: China. Sichuan, Yan-yuan Co., Handel-Mazzetti 2947 (holotype H).
Polytrichum higoense Sak., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 373. 1936.
Plants medium-sized, grayish green above, brownish below, gregarious tufts. Stems usually about 5–12 cm long, 2–3-irregularly branched above. Basal leaves ovate-lanceolate, upper leaves appressed when dry, erect patent or slightly reflexed when moist, suddenly constricted from an ovate sheathing base to lanceolate limb, ca. 6 mm × 0.7 mm; spinose at apex; leaf margins mostly incurved, upper marginal cells unistratose, grossly toothed; costae with several gross teeth on the back; lamellae numerous on the ventral surface, 4–6 cells high, apical cells of lamellae brown, rounded to oval, thick-walled, grossly papillose, lower cells of lamellae rounded-quadrate, thick-walled, 8–12 µm in diameter. Dioicous. Setae 2.5–3.0 cm long, 0.25 mm in diameter, brown to brownish red; capsules cylindrical, 2.5–3.0 mm × 1.0–1.5 mm; exothecial cells mammillose; peristome teeth brownish red, obtuse at apex, ca. 0.2 mm long. Spores small, 10–15 µm in diameter.


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