Ecology. Amazon and Chiquitano forest to Yungas premontane; usually exposed habitats, rather common along banks of trails, roads, streams and rivers, on soil (clay, sandy), and rocks. Elevation. 173-533 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz. World range: Southeast United States, widespread in Neotropics, mostly at low elevations.
Dicranella hilariana is a common species of the humid lowlands and lower open montane forest. This species is distinguished by the crowded leaves that are gradually subulate from a broad but not distinctly expanded leaf base, entire to dentate upper leaf margins that are often slightly recurved, mostly obtuse leaf apex, erect ovoid to ovoid short cylindrical capsules and slightly oblique rostrate operculum.
Specimens. Cochabamba: Lozano et al. 2166 (HSB, LPB, MO, USZ);Pando: Catari 301 (BOLV, LPB, MO, USZ).