17. Dicranum lorifolium Mitt. 硬叶曲尾藓 ying-ye qu-wei xian
J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 15. 1859. Syntypes. Nepal: Wallich s.n.; India: Kashmir, T. Thomson 52; Khasia, J. D. Hooker 63.
Dicranum cristatum Wils., Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 9: 295. 1857, nom. nud.
Plants medium-sized to moderately large, up to 5 cm high, dark green or yellowish to reddish brown, shiny, in dense tufts. Stems ascending, or sometimes erect, dichotomously branched, densely foliate, tomentose below. Leaves often homomallous, falcate-secund when dry, erect-patent when moist, narrowly lanceolate, up to 1 cm long, gradually narrowed from an ovate base to a long, canaliculate acumen; margins plane, entire below, sharply serrate near the apex; costa slender, brownish, percurrent, serrate at back above; upper cells rhomboidal to short-rectangular, 40–50 µm × 10–12 µm, incrassate, not porose; basal cells elongate, rectangular, 70–85 µm × 10–12 µm, thick-walled, porose; alar cells slightly bulging out, somewhat inflated, bistratose, reddish brown at the margins, hyaline within. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves with a high convolute-sheathing base, abruptly narrowed to a short point. Setae single, straight, up to 3 cm long, twisted when dry, brownish; capsules erect to suberect, cylindric, ca. 5 mm long, reddish brown; opercula erect, conic-rostrate; peristome teeth typically dicranoid. Spores 20–25 µm in diameter, light brownish, minutely papillose.