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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 88. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu & Y. Jia (eds.) (2004), Pl. 194, figs. 1–10.

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Map: Polytrichum commune Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Habitat: on substrates along roadsides or forest ground; alt. 1100–3000 m.
Distribution: China and widely distributed in the world.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huangshan, P.-C. Chen 5861b, 6964 (both in MO). Chongqing: Nan-chuan Co., Mt. Jinfo, X.-Y. Hu 0044 (MO, PE), G.-F. Li 60413, 61568, 62279 (all in PE), Q. Li 2125, 2142 (both in PE), M.-Z. Wang 860008a (MO, PE), J.-H. Xiong 90320 (PE), W.-X. Zhang 39629 (PE). Guizhou: Dao-zhen Co., Z.-Y. Liu 16007 (MO); Lei-shan Co., Crosby 15499 (MO); Mt. Fanjing, Bourell 4644 (MO), Crosby 15857 (MO); Sui-yang Co., Crosby 16033 (MO); Zheng-an Co., Z.-Y. Liu 19476 (MO). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 494, 507c (both in MO, PE). Jilin: Chang-bai Co., C. Gao 7210 (IFSBH). Nei Mongol: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), Gen-he, P.-C. Chen et al. 982, 983 (both in PE). Sichuan: Lei-bo Co., P.-C. Chen 5890 (PE); Ma-er-kang Co., X.-J. Li 1214, 1215 (both in PE). Taiwan: Ilan Co., Shevock 18235 (CAS, MO).


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1. Polytrichum commune Hedw.   金发藓   jin fa xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 88. 1801. Type: Europe.
Polytrichum commune var. maximovickizii Lindb., Contr. Fl. Crypt. As. 224. 1872.
Polytrichum commune var. nigrescens Warnst., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 41: 65. 1899.
Polytrichum subformosum Besch. var. yunnanense Thér., Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy, ser. 4, 709. f. 1–4. 1926. Type: China. Yunnan, Lou-ke-suin, E. Maire 41 (isotype PE).
Plants medium-sized to rather robust, 3–30(–45) cm high, dark green to reddish brown, rigid, in gregarious or scattered tufts. Stems mostly simple, with dense rhizoids at base. Leaves straight when dry, densely crowded on upper stems, scale-like at lower stems; upper leaves 7–12 mm long, lanceolate from a sheathing base; leaf margins sharply serrate; upper cells hexagonal or irregular, 7–12 µm wide, somewhat thick-walled; cells of sheathing base narrowly rectangular, 65–130 µm × 9–16 µm; costa broad, extending into a filiform acumen; ventral lamellae in 30–50 rows, 5–9 cells high; marginal cells of lamellae excavate, slightly broader than the cells below. Dioicous. Setae 4–8 cm long, rigid, reddish brown; capsules 2.5–5.0 mm long, 4-keeled, with a distinct apophyses and stomata at base of urns; exothecial cells usually projecting; opercula shortly beaked, deciduous; annuli differentiated; peristome teeth 64, 160–210 µm long, with thin membrane. Calyptrae cucullate, densely covered with golden cilia. Spores spherical, 9–12 µm in diameter, verrucose.


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