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Published In: Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd series: Botany 3: 193. 1891. (Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Diphyscium fulvifolium Mitt. (Figs. 1–8.)
Map: Diphyscium fulvifolium Mitt. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: on sandy soil, sometimes on rocks; alt. 500–2500 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, and the Philippines.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Huang Shan (Mt.), P.-C. Chen et al. 7424 (MO, TENN). Chongqing: Bi-shan Co., P.-C. Chen 1989a (PE); Feng-du Co., P.-C. Chen 1926 (PE); Jiang-bei Co., P.-C. Chen 5093 (PE); Nan-chuan Co., M.-Z. Wang 860969b (MO, PE). Fujian: Jiang-le Co., Y. Jia 556, 596 (both in PE), M.-Z. Wang 47349, 47374, 48480 (all in PE). Guangdong: Ying-de Co., X.-H. Xu 17-2 (PE). Guangxi: Long-sheng Co., P.-C. Wu et al. 167 (PE); Rong-shui Co., Mt. Jiuwan, M.-Z. Wang 46334, 46610, 47147 (all in PE). Guizhou: Jiang-kou Co., Crosby 15660 (MO); Lei-shan Co., Crosby 15526, 15542, 15596 (all in MO); Sui-yang Co., Crosby 15949 (MO), C. Gao 32341, 33674 (both in MO), B. C. Tan 91-965 (FH); Xi-shui Co., T. Cao 41748 (MO). Hubei: Xing-shan Co., J.-X. Luo 96702 (PE). Hunan: Da-rong City, T. Cao 42800 (MO); Gui-dong Co., Mt. Bamian, M-.Z. Wang 58728, 58729 (both in PE); Shao-shan City, Q.-R. Liu QR32-2001 (PE); Wu-kang Co., Handel-Mazzetti 2990 (B, BM, FH, L, MO, NY, S, US); Yun-shan (Mt.), Handel-Mazzetti 12479 (H, PE), T. Cao 42255 (MO). Jiangsu: Yi-xing Co., P.-C. Chen 2193 (PE). Jiangxi: Mt. Lu, D.-X. Ye 39 (PE); Cong-yi Co., M.-Z. Wang 58730 (PE). Taiwan: Hua-lien Co., S.-H. Lin s.n. [Bryophytes of Taiwan Exsiccatae ser. 4, no. 162 (MO)]; Ilan Co., Shevock 18229 (CAS, MO); Nan-tou Co., C.-C. Chuang 500 (NY, PE, UBC); Tai-chung Co., T.-Y. Chiang 32939 (MO). Yunnan: Gong-shan Co., M.-Z. Wang 10325a (PE). Zhejiang: Sui-chang Co., Z.-L. Liu & R.-L. Hong 966 (MO).



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3. Diphyscium fulvifolium Mitt.   东亚短颈藓  dong ya duan jing xian
Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., 3: 193. 1891. Webera fulvifolia (Mitt.) Broth. Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 664. 1904. Type: Japan. Kobe-kioto, Tokiado, Moseley s.n. (holotype NY; isotype BM).
Diphyscium fulvifolium var. leveillei Thér. in Broth., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 38: 149. 1925.
Diphyscium rotundatifolium C.-K. Wang & S.-H. Lin, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 526. f. 1–34. 1974. Type: China. Taiwan, Nantou, Luku Hsiang, Chitou, S.-H. Lin 1267 (holotype TUNGH).
Plants small to medium-sized, 4–15 mm high, often in clumps. Stems simple; in cross section central strand weakly differentiated or lacking. Leaves curled when dry, erect-spreading when moist, 3–8 mm × 0.6–1.0 mm, ligulate or linear-spathulate, usually rounded, mucronate to apiculate, rarely acute at apex; margins entire below, crenulate above, uni- to bistratose in cross section; costa usually percurrent, sometimes shortly excurrent, with two stereid bands; leaf cells unistratose at extreme base, bistratose in upper parts; median cells rounded to quadrate, 5–10 µm in diameter, pluripapillose; basal cells rectangular, 20–60 µm × 6–16 µm, hyaline, smooth. Axillary hairs 5–15 cells long. Dioicous. Male plants usually smaller than female plants. Perichaetia terminal; perichaetial leaves lanceolate, awn excurrent, papillose; margins entire at base, laciniate to ciliate at apex. Setae short, to 0.3 mm long; capsules oblong-ovoid, obliquely asymmetric, 3–5 mm × 0.9–2.0 mm, abruptly narrowed at base and mouth; exothecial cells collenchymatous; stomata usually superficial, near capsule mouth; annuli well differentiated, consisting of 1–3 rows of thick-walled cells; opercula conic, to 2 mm long, obtuse, smooth; peristome present. Calyptrae small, conic, smooth. Spores spherical, 8–12 µm in diameter, papillose.


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