3. Encalypta ciliata Hedw. 大帽藓 da-mao xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 61. 1801. Type. Europe.
Encalypta breviseta C. Müll., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 3: 103. 1896. Type. China: Shaanxi (Schen-si), “In medio monte Kuan-tou-san.” Jul. 1894, Giraldi s.n. (lectotype FI).
Encalypta erythrodonta C. Müll., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 5: 172. 1898. Type. China: Shaanxi (Schen-si), in monte Kuan-tou-san, 5 Nov. 1896, Giraldi s.n. (lectotype FI).
Encalypta laciniata Hedw. ex Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 10: 18. 1871, nom. illeg. incl. spec. prior.
Plants medium-sized to rather large, sometimes robust, 1–3(–3.5) cm high, green or yellowish green above, brown below, in dense tufts. Stems simple or sparsely branched; central strand not well developed. Leaves strongly twisted and incurved when dry, erect-spreading when moist, 3–6 mm long, obovate-oblong to lingulate, slightly undulate, apex acute and mucronate; margins recurved from the middle to the base; costa stout, shortly excurrent; upper cells rounded or rounded-quadrate to subquadrate, 12–15 µm wide, densely papillose, obscure; basal cells oblong, 26–39 µm × 10–13 µm, with distinctly reddish thickened transverse walls, several rows of marginal cells linear, thin-walled. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves similar to upper stem leaves. Setae erect, yellowish or yellowish brown, 5–12 mm long, twisted above when dry; capsules cylindric, yellow or brown, 2–3 mm long, smooth or nearly so; peristome single, teeth short lanceolate, obtuse, pale yellowish, with sparse papillae above, brown, with dense papillae below; annuli undifferentiated; opercula with long straight beak. Calyptrae cylindric to narrowly cylindric, golden to golden brown, covering the whole capsules, smooth, with a basal fringe of triangular segments, with a long, curved or erect rostrum, 0.3–0.4 length of calyptra. Spores 32–35 µm in diameter, with numerous, radial plicae on the proximal surface, nearly smooth on the distal surface.