Encalypta ciliata Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 61. 1801.
Protologue: type not cited; lectotype (Horton 1983): Leersia ciliata G-DC.
Plants medium-sized, caespitose, dull yellowish to olive green. Stems 8–12 mm, branched near base, central strand absent. Leaves crowded above, lingulate to narrowly oblong-elliptic, 2.5–5 x 0.8–1.2 mm, slightly clasping at base, erect-spreading, irregularly undulate above, crisped, folded when dry; apices cucullate, apiculate; margins crenulate, irregularly and narrowly recurved in lower 2/3; costa single, excurrent, with 2–3 rows of small dorsal stereids; upper cells angular-quadrate, 12.5–18.5 x 12.5–18.8 μm, thick-walled, pluripapillose on both sides by digitate c–shaped papillae; basal cells smooth, rectangular, 32.5–87.5 x 12.5–25.0 μm, transverse walls thickened, red to orange, longitudinal walls thin, hyaline or pale yellowish, basal marginal cells differentiated in 5–10 rows of narrow, elongate cells (5–9:1). Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves sheathing, ovate-elliptic, shorter than vegetative leaves, tubulose above. Setae single, 6–8 mm long, yellow, becoming reddish orange with age, twisted, smooth. Capsules cylindric, 2–5.4 mm long, orange-red or golden-brown, smooth or finely striolate, contracted below a reddish, suboral band of 6–7 rows of quadrate cells; exothecial cells rectangular to fusiform, thin-walled; stomata superficial; neck wrinkled; opercula narrowly rostrate from a plane-convex, reddish base; peristome single, of 16 brownish orange, triangular, slightly inserted teeth. Spores orange-brown, 35–44 μm wide, heteropolar, one side with a triculpate scar in a slight surface depression, the opposite side with a central rim and 4–5 radial plicae. Calyptrae 3–6 mm long, cylindric to elliptic-cylindric, shiny, yellowish brown or golden, tapering abruptly into a yellowish brown, straight or slightly curved rostrum, smooth, fringed at base with triangular segments, lacerate at their tips.