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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 89. pl. 18: f. 6–10. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu & Y. Jia (eds.) (2004), Pl. 195, figs. 1–14.

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Habitat: usually on shady and moist substrates on forest ground; alt. 640–4300 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, India, Russia, Europe, Greenland, North and South America, and Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Jilin: Chang-bai Co., C. Gao 7188 (IFSBH, PE), C. Gao 22178 (MO), Man-jiang, K.-C. Lang 3a (PE); Mt. Changbai, D. Chen s.n. (PE). Sichuan: Li-xian Co., X.-J. Li 1625, 1626a (both in PE); Ma-er-kang Co., X.-J. Li 1671 (PE), S. He 31276 (MO, PE). Xinjiang: Qing-he Co., R.-C. Qin 1398 (PE). Xizang: Mt. Everest, X.-G. Wang 58, 88, 95 (all in PE). Yunnan: Li-jiang Co., R.-C. Qin 20657 (PE); Wei-xi Co., Q.-W. Wang 4152, 4157, 4173, 4217, 4498 (all in PE), M.-Z. Wang 5021c (PE); Zhong-dian Co., H.-F. Xie 2017, 2018 (both in PE), L.-Q. Li 76014, 76016 (both in PE), P.-Q. Li 813547a, 813551a (both in PE).


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2. Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw.   桧叶金发藓   hui ye jin fa xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 89. Pl. 18: f. 6–10. 1801. Type: Europe.
Polytrichum juniperinum var. alpinum Schimp., Syn. Musc. Eur. 447. 1860.
Plants medium-sized to large, dark green to reddish brown. Stems simple or branched, usually 1.5–10 cm high, densely appressed or slightly spreading when dry, 4–8 mm wide with leaves. Leaves ovate-lanceolate from a sheathing base, 4–7(–9) mm long, 0.35–0.60 mm wide in the middle, 0.7–1.3 mm wide at base; leaf margins entire, upper margins strongly incurved, covering the ventral lamellae; costa broad, excurrent into a reddish, spinose filiform acumen; ventral lamellae in 20–38 rows, (4–)6–7 cells high, round-toothed in lateral view, marginal cells of the lamellae pyriform, thick or thin at the apex, slightly longer than the lower cells; leaf marginal cells slightly broader; median leaf cells oblate, 9–14 µm × 25–40 µm or sometimes nearly quadrate, usually thick-walled; cells at sheathing base narrowly rectangular, 45–100 µm × 6–12 µm. Dioicous. Setae slender, 1.3–7.0 cm long; capsules 4-keeled, cylindrical, with apophyses; opercula long beaked, deciduous; annuli differentiated; peristome teeth 64, 200–250 µm long, membrane thin. Calyptrae large, cucullate, ca. 10 mm long, densely covered with golden cilia. Spores spherical, 8–12 µm in diameter, verrucose.


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