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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 172. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: X.-J. Li (ed.) 2000 (Pl. 34, figs. 1–5).

Click here for distribution map.
Map: Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Habitat: on nitrophilous soil around or near houses, farms, and disturbed areas.
Distribution: China and nearly cosmopolitan.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Shi-tai Co., X.-W. Guo 83074 (HKAS). Chongqing: Jiang-bei Co., L.-Q. Xia 65 (HKAS); Nan-chuan Co., P.-C. Chen 1799 (HKAS). Fujiang: Cong-an Co., D.-K. Li 1815 (HKAS, SHM); Mt. Wuyi, X.-J. Li 305 (HKAS); Zhao-wu Co., C.-H. Gao 7433 (HKAS). Gansu: Min-dong Co., H.-D. Shao 3065 (HKAS); Yu-zhong Co., L.-X. Zeng 12212 (HKAS). Guangdong: Guang-zhou City, D.-R. Chen 3 (HKAS); Mt. Nankun, H.-D. Zeng 20142 (HKAS); Ping-shi Co., S.-Q. Chen 498 (HKAS, IBSC); Ren-hua (Jen-hwa) Co., W.-T. Tsang 26158 (MO); Ru-yuan Co., P.-J. Lin 16 (HKAS, IBSC); Shao-qing Co., Y.-L. Zhang 7 (HKAS); Wu-hua Co., X.-G. Li 201644 (HKAS, MO); Xin-feng Co., L. Deng 8225 (HKAS). Guangxi: Mt. Damiao, S.-Q. Chen 17002 (HKAS, IBSC, MO); Tian-lin Co., P.-J. Lin 2320 (HKAS). Guizhou: Lei-shan Co., Crosby 15631 (MO); Mt. Fanjing, Z.-F. Wang 55 (HKAS). Hainan: Dong-fang Co., S.-Q. Chen 11529 (HKAS, IBSC); Le-dong Co., X.-J. Li 890603 (HKAS); Mt. Jianfeng, P.-C. Chen 361 (HKAS), 639b (MO). Hebei: Dong-ling, L.-Q. Yu 37 (HKAS). Heilongjiang: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 327 (HKAS, IFSBH); Ning-an Co., Z.-W. Ao 15051 (HKAS); Xiao Xing An Ling (Lesser Khingan Mt.), P.-C. Chen 480 (HKAS). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 376 (MO, PE); Wu-han City, H.-J. Li 6663 (HKAS). Hunan: Yong-zhou City, Mt. Yangming, S.-Q. Chen 498 (HKAS). Jiangsu: Ju-rong Co., P.-P. Lin 25 (HKAS, NAS); Nan-jing City, P.-C. Chen 759 (HKAS). Jiangxi: Mt. Lushan, X.-J. Li 31 (HKAS). Jilin: An-tu Co., S.-E. Liu 4020 (HKAS); Jiao-he City, Huang-ni-he, X.-W. Kong 1518 (HKAS); Mt. Changbai, C.-Q. Lin 20916 (HKAS). Liaoning: Shen-yang City, C. Gao 1818 (HKAS, IFSBH); Shui-ning Co., S.-E. Liu 185 (HKAS). Nei Mongol: Ulan-hot City, Tao-er-he, P.-Y. Fu 1265 (HKAS). Qinghai: P.-S. Wang 83009 (AS); Cheng-duo Co., B. C. Tan 95-2060 (FH, MO); Nang-qian Co., B. C. Tan 95-1992 (FH, MO). Shaanxi: Hu Co., M. Wang 418 (HKAS); Long Co., Z.-B. Wang 4155 (HKAS); Mt. Taibai, S.-E. Liu 2597 (HKAS); Ning-shan Co., D.-C. Zhang 18 (HKAS); Mt. Qingling, P.-C. Chen 345 (HKAS); Shan-yang Co., J.-X. Yang 3008 (HKAS); Zhou-zhi Co., M.-X. Zhang 380 (HKAS). Shandong: Qing-dao City, S.-Z. Luo 3 (HKAS). Shanghai: Bao-shan Co., H.-C. Tan 6040 (HKAS); Jin-shan Co., D.-K. Li 33 (HKAS, SHM); Long-hua Garden, S.-M. Xu 2 (HKAS). Sichuan: Ba-tang Co., X.-J. Li 81-3000 (HKAS); Cheng-du City, X.-J. Li 901 (HKAS); Cheng-kou Co., T.-L. Dai 107194 (MO); Dao-cheng Co., J.-K. Yang 81-3224 (HKAS); Guan Co., S.-M. Yu 345 (HKAS); Guang-yuan Co., Z.-P. Wei 6778 (HKAS); Li Co., X.-J. Li 1911 (HKAS); Lu-ding Co., J.-L. Yang 2006 (HKAS, MO); Ma-er-kang Co., X.-J. Li 1669 (HKAS); Mi-yu Co., Q.-W. Wang 21148 (HKAS); Mt. Omei, P.-J. Lin 93 (HKAS), H.-G. Xu 3070 (MO); Nan-ping Co., S. He 30347 (MO); Wen-chuan Co., Q.-Z. Zheng 10 (HKAS); Ya-an Co., C. Gao 17625 (HKAS); Yan-yuan Co., L.-S. Wang 83-182 (HKAS). Taiwan: Nan-tou Co., M.-J. Lai 1491 (MO), Z.-K. Wang 1460 (HKAS); Ping-tung Co., S.-H. Lin s.n. [Bryophytes of Taiwan Exsiccatae ser. 1, no. 18 (MO)]; Tai-chung Co., Z.-K. Wang 637 (HKAS); Tai-tung Co., M.-J. Lai 9637 (MO). Xinjiang: Bu-er-jin Co., R.-L. Hu 93052 (HKAS, HSNU); Nile-ke Co., S. He 951129 (MO). Xizang: Long-zi Co., M. Zang 1613 (HKAS); Mi-lin Co., K.-Y. Lang 642 (HKAS); Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 1090 (HKAS); Mt. Qomolangma, X.-G. Wang 104a (MO, PE); Nie-la-mu Co., S.-K. Chen 137 (HKAS); Ri-ge-ce City, Z.-X. Tan 2 (HKAS); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 240 (HKAS); Zuo-gong Co., D.-C. Zhang 7331 (HKAS). Yunnan: Bin-chun Co., M.-K. Cui 57 (HKAS); Da-li Co., Q-W. Wang 30242 (HKAS); Kun-ming City, Redfearn et al. 33669 (MO); Li-jiang Co., X.-J. Li 80-563 (HKAS); Qiu-bei Co., X.-J. Li 174 (HKAS); Teng-chong Co., X.-J. Li 235 (HKAS); Wei-xi Co., X.-J. Li 411 (HKAS); Xishuangbanna, X.-J. Li 2969 (HKAS); Zhong-dian Co., X.-J. Li 81-838 (HKAS). Zhejiang: Ping-hu City, Zha-pu, D.-K. Li 16173 (HKAS, SHM); Sui-chang Co., Z.-L. Liu 29 (HKAS, SHM).


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3. Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.   葫芦藓   hu-lu xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 172. 1801. Fontinalis hygrometrica (Hedw.) P. Sydow, Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 32(1): 528. 1905. Type. Germany.
Funaria connivens C. Müll., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 13: 747. 1855.
Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens (Schwaegr.) Ment., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 12: 54. 1839. Funaria hygrometrica subsp. calvescens (Schwaegr.) Kindb., Eur. N. Amer. Bryin. 2: 330. 1897. Funaria calvescens Schweagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1, 2: 77. 65. 1816.
Funaria globicarpa C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser., 5: 161. 1898. Type. China: Shaanxi (Schen-si), Tschu-ze-schen (Co.), Liu-kian-se (Temple), June 1896, Giraldii 2059 (isotype H).
Funaria leptopoda Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 512. 1842.
Funaria leptopoda var. gemmacea Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 7, 15: 61. 1892.
Plants small to medium-sized, yellowish green, sometimes yellowish red, in tufts or large patches. Stems simple or branched from the base, 1–3 cm long. Leaves sparse at lower stems, crowded at stem tips, flexuous or contorted when dry, erect-patent when moist, oblong-ovate to broadly obovate, 4–5 mm × 1.2–1.8 mm, usually deeply concave; margins entire, often involute on both sides; costa percurrent or shortly excurrent; leaf cells thin-walled, upper cells irregularly rectangular to hexagonal, 40–70 µm × 35–42 µm; basal cells elongate, broadly rectangular, 90–145 µm × 40–45 µm. Autoicous. Perigonia terminal, budlike; perichaetia located just below the perigonia on short branches. Setae slender, light yellowish brown, 2–5 cm long; straight below, curved above; capsules horizontal to pendulose, pyriform, asymmetric, 3.5–4.5 mm × 1.5–2.0 mm, apophyses distinctly developed, sulcate when dry; opercula flat-convex; annuli large, revoluble; peristome double; exostome teeth lanceolate, papillosely striate below, papillose above, strongly trabeculate; endostome segments lanceolate, nearly as long as the teeth. Calyptrae inflated-cucullate, long-rostrate. Spores spherical, yellowish, 15–20 µm in diameter, smooth.


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