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Published In: Musci Exotici 1: 62. 1818. (Musci Exot.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/28/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/4/2017)
Plant Category: Mosses
country distribution: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, NW Argentina
EcoRegions: Páramo, Puna, Open montane
elevation: 1500-2000, 2000-2500, 2500-3000, 3000-3500, 3500-4000, 4000-4500, 4500-5000
substrate: rocks
frequency: common
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/4/2017)
Ecology: Open high montane to páramo and puna; exposed sites, on rocks. Elevation: 1500-5800 m (Venezuela: 2900-4400 m, Colombia: 2100-4650 m, Ecuador: 2640-4650 m, Peru: 2100-5700 m, Bolivia: 1500-5800 m). Distribution: Andes; widespread in mountain of the world.
Ecología: Crece desde regiones montanas altas abiertas hasta páramo y puna; en sitios expuestos, sobre rocas. Elevación: 1500-5800 m (Venezuela: 2900-4400 m, Colombia: 2100-4650 m, Ecuador: 2640-4650 m, Perú: 2100-5700 m, Bolivia: 1500-5800 m). Andes; ampliamente distribuida en regiones montañosas de todo el mundo.
Grimmia longirostris is characterized by the lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, keeled leaves, recurved margins (on one side), 2-3(4) stratose lamina, thick-walled, nodulose juxtacostal cells above base, thick walled upper and lower ends of the marginal cells, erect and straight setae, and immersed to more common exserted, smooth capsules. Grimmia longirostris s by far the most common species collected in the tropical Andes. Previous reports of Grimmia affinis Hornsch. from the Neotropics are referred to G. longirostris. Recent detailed studies by Muñoz have demonstrated that in fact G. affinis is a synonym, as well as more than 30 other taxa (Muñoz 1998, 1999); from the tropical Andes 16 synonyms are recognized for this species. Grimmia herzogii was considered a synonym of G. longirostris by Muñoz; both are similar, the former less robust with ovate to ovate-lanceolate and sinuous setae, the latter relative more robust, with ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate leaves and striaght setae (cf. Delgadillo & Villaseñor 2002).
Grimmia longirostris se caracteriza por tener las hojas lanceoladas a ovado-lanceoladas, hojas carinadas, márgenes recurvados (en un lado), lámina con 2-3(4) estratos, paredes gruesas, células yuxtacostales nodulosas encima de la base, células marginal con paredes gruesas en los extremos superior e inferior, setas erectas y rectas, y cápsulas lisas, inmersas a más comúnmexte excertas. Los reportes de Grimmia affinis Hornsch. en el Neotrópico pueden referirse a G. longirostris. Estudios detallados realizados por Muñoz han demostrado que de hecho G. affinis es un sinónimo, así como más de otros 30 taxa (1998, 1999); entre estos 30 sinónimos 17 son de los Andes tropicales.


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Grimmia longirostris Hook., Musci Exot. 1: 62. 1818. Guembelia longirostris (Hook.) Ochyra & Zarnowiec, Biodiversity of Poland 3: 127. 2003. Type: Ecuador. Montis Chimborazo, altit. 2380 hexapod., Humboldt & Bonpland (BM).

Grimmia affinis Hornsch., Flora 2: 443. 1819, nom. illeg. non Hornsch. 1819, Flora 2: 85. Type: Germany (B, lectotype).

Grimmia columbica DeNot., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 18: 447. 1859. Type: Ecuador. rivum Napo Columbia [not Colombia!], Osculati s.n. (H-SOL, isotype).

Grimmia peruviana Sull., U. S. Expl. Exped. Musc. 8. 1860. Type: Peru. Andes of Peru, 15,000 ft, “U. S. Ex. Ex. Wilkes 1838-1842” (BM, lectotype; isolectotypes BM, FH, NY).

Guembelia bogotensis Hampe, Linnaea 32: 142. 1863. Grimmia bogotensis (Hampe) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss Ges. 1872-73: 40. 1874. Type: Colombia. Cundinamarca, Bogota, Los Laches, 2800 m, Lindig 2011 (PC, lectotype; isolectotypes BM, NY).

Grimmia integridens Müll. Hal., Linnaea 43: 460. 1882. Argentinia. Tucumanensis, in alpinis “der Cienega” cum Psilopilo gymnostomulo forsan in altitudine 11,000 ped., 1873, Lorentz s.n. (PC, lectotype).

Grimmia leucophaeola Müll. Hal., Linnaea 43: 456. 1882. Argentinia. Tucumanensis, in alpinis Sierrae de Aconquija prope Tafi, Aprili 1872, Lorentz s.n. (JE, lectotype; isolectotypes BM, JE, NY).

Grimmia rhaphidostega Müll. Hal., Linnaea 43: 459. 1882. Argentinia. Saltensis, Nevado de Castillo, in alpinis cum Andreaeaceis, 1873, Lorentz s.n. (lectotype JE).

Grimmia vernicosula Müll. Hal., Linnaea 43: 458. 1882. Argentinia. Rio seco prope Orán, 1873, Lorentz s.n. (lectotype JE, isolectotype BM).

Grimmia nanoglobosa Müll. Hal. ex E. Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 477. 1896. Type: Bolivia. Mapiri, 5000 ft, May 1886, Rusby [3195] (NY, holotype).

Grimmia microovata Müll. Hal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 4: 128. 1897. Type: Bolivia. Cochabamba prope Choquecamata, Jun 1889, Germain (JE, lectotype; isolectotype NY).

Grimmia subovata Schimp. ex Müll. Hal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 4: 128. 1897. Type: Bolivia. Larecaja, vicinitis Sorata, Ancouma, 3700-4000 m, Apr 1860, Mandon [PlanteAndium Boliviensium 1634] (BM, lectotype; isolectotype FH).

Grimmia nigella Herzog, Biblioth. Bot. 87: 55. 1916. Type: Bolivia. An Felsen bei der Saittulaguna, ca. 4300 m, Herzog 2679 (JE, lectotype). Syntypes: Bolivia. An Felsen im oberen Chocayatal, ca. 4400 m, Herzog 3597, Herzog 3587/a.

Grimmia speirophylla Herzog, Biblioth. Bot. 87: 55. 1916. Type: Bolivia. An Felsen der Yanakaka[bastion], ca. 4500 m, Herzog 3827 (JE, lectotype). Syntypes: An Felsen im Hochtal von Viloco, ca. 4600 m, Herzog 3148; an Felsen der Yanakakabastion, ca. 4500 m, Herzog3745; an Felsen der Cerro Tunari, ca. 5000 m, Herzog 4871, Herzog 4811.

Grimmia allionii Broth., Rev. Bryol.47: 9. 1920. Type: Ecuador. Prov. Azuay, montis prope Cañar, 3400 m, 1909, Allioni (H-BR, lectotype).

Grimmia trollii Herzog, Hedwigia 74: 102. 1934. Type: Bolivia. Curahuara, Cerro de la Esperanza, Cordillera Real, 4500 m, Troll 58 (JE, lectotype).

Grimmia stenopyxis Thér., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 9: 8. 1936. Type: Ecuador. Base of Pichincha, 3200 m, Benoist (PC, lectotype).

Grimmia cinerea Thér., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 9: 9. 1936. Type: Ecuador. Condorguachana, 4150 m, Benoist 3153 (PC, holotype).




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