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Published In: Muscologia Recentiorum Supplementum 4: 72. 1819[1818]. (Muscol. Recent. Suppl.) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/18/2013)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 10/18/2013)
Nomenclature: C. pilifer Brid., Musc. Recent. Suppl. 4: 72. 1819.
C. polytrichoides De Not., Syll. Musc. 222. 1838.
Dicranum liebmannii C. Muell., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 601. 1851.
?D. lamellicosta [sic] C. Muell., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 601. 1851.
?D. lutescens C. Muell., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 602. 1851.
?Campylopus vitzliputzli Lor., Moosstud. 158. 1864.
C. luridus Schimp. ex Besch., Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 168. 1872.
C. pilosissimus Schimp. ex Besch., Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Natur. Cherbourg 16: 168. 1872.
C. lamellicostus (C. Muell.) Schimp. ex Besch., Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Natur. Cherbourg 16: 167. 1872.
C. liebmannii (C. Muell.) Schimp. ex Besch., Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Natur. Cherbourg 16: 167. 1872.
C. strictus Schimp. ex Besch., Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Natur. Cherbourg 16: 167. 1872.
C. introflexus Eur. & N. Amer. authors, non (Hedw.) Brid., 1826.
Distribution: Very common on exposed rocks,boulders, cliffs, and dry soil on banks of roads and trails in oak-pine forests; Baja California, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoac‡n, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz. - Arizona to northern South America; Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico; southeastern United States; Europe, Africa, and Asia.
Discussion: This common species, generally known (incorrectly) in the American literature as C. introflexus, has hyaline, serrate awns, ribs at the back of the costa, and poorly differentiated alar cells.
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Plants in rigid, green to brownish-green tufts 0.5-5 cm high, sparsely reddish-tomentose, equally foliate (only perichaetial leaves forming comose tufts). Leaves 5-7 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, gradually acuminate, subtubulose above, entire except for a hyaline, serrate awn of various lengths; costa 1/2-2/3 the leaf base, ribbed at back because of lamellae 2-4 cells high, excurrent, in section showing a layer of dorsal stereids in groups of 3-5 cells; alar cells not or somewhat differentiated; basal cells hyaline, thin-walled, long-rectangular, narrower at the margins, extending 1/3 up the leaf at the margins; upper cells shortly oval to oblong-rhombic, 9-16 x 7-8 µm. Setae 3-5 mm long; capsules 1.5 mm long, ovoid, brownish. Spores 13 µm, pale brown, roughened. Calyptrae fringed.
 

 

 
 
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