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Published In: Bryologia Europaea 2: 146 (fasc. 29–30. Mon. 4). 1846. (Bryol. Eur.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/5/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Related Objects:

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Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 38, figs. 8–14).

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)


Habitat: on soil or rarely on rocks.

Distribution: nearly worldwide.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:


Chinese specimens examined: Taiwan: Tai-tung Co., S. Lin 158 (MO). Xizang: Bo-mi Co., G.-C. Zhang & J.-Y. Feng 14906 (IFSBH); Cha-yu Co., S.-G. Wu 1070 (PE); Cuo-na Co., S.-K. Chen 5129 (PE); Shejila, S.-K. Chen 422 (PE); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 421 (KUN). Yunnan: Ailao Shan (Mt.), J.-K. Zhang 595, 985 (YUKU); An-ning Co., Redfearn et al. 34350 (MO); Bin-chuan Co., M.-K. Cui 0061B (YUKU); Jing-hong Co., Redfearn et al. 34269 (MO); Lu-quan Co., W.-M. Zhu 64007 (YUKU); Teng-chong Co., S.-C. Xie 11a (YUKU); Zhong-dian Co., J.-K. Yang 81-B01 (YUKU).

Notes     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
general taxon notes:


This species is very close to Ceratodon purpureus, but it differs in having strongly contorted leaves and elongated, nearly erect capsules that are 4–5 times longer than wide.


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2. Ceratodon stenocarpus Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.   疣蒴角齿藓 you-shuo jiao-chi xian
Bryol. Eur. 2: 146. 1846. Ceratodon purpureus ssp. stenocarpus (Bruch & Schimp.) Dix., New Zealand Inst. Bull. 3(2): 50. 1914. Ceratodon purpureus var. stenocarpus (Bruch & Schimp.) Dix., J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 39(4): 773. 1937. Type. Mexico: Chinanthe, F. M. Liebmann 84.
Ceratodon purpureus var. formosicus Card., Beih. Bot. Centralbl.19 (2): 100. 1905. Type. China: Taiwan, Tamsui (Tamshui), Faurie 85. Synonymized by Burley and Pritchard (1990).
Plants small, up to 1 cm high, yellowish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, simple or rarely sparsely branched. Leaves crowded, strongly contorted when dry, erect-patent when moist, lanceolate or narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 1.0–1.9 mm long, gradually acuminate; margins strongly reflexed or revolute, irregularly serrate near the apex; costa stout, percurrent to shortly excurrent; upper and median cells quadrate, 8–10 µm wide, moderately thick-walled; basal cells rectangular, 13–20 µm × 13 µm, rather thin-walled. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves larger than the upper stem leaves, highly sheathing at base. Setae straight, often yellow or sometimes reddish brown, ca. 1.5 cm long; capsules suberect, long-cylindric, 4–5 times as long as wide, 2.0–2.5 mm × 0.5 mm, deeply furrowed when dry, strumose at base; opercula shortly conic-rostrate; annuli differentiated, in 2–3 rows of thick-walled cells; peristome teeth linear-lanceolate, 0.3–0.4 mm long, divided nearly to the base, papillose, basal membrane low. Spores 8–11 µm in diameter, yellow, nearly smooth.


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