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Published In: Naturhistorische Reise durch einen Theil Schwedens 96. 1804. (Naturh. Reise Schweden) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/16/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Distribution     (Last Modified On 12/14/2011)
Habitat: usually on wet forest ground; alt. 1250–1700 m.
Distribution: China, widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, and also in New Zealand.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 12/14/2011)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huangshan, Anhui Normal College 20 (PE), C.-A. Liu & B.-Q. Zhong 2918 (PE). Guizhou: Mt. Fanjing, Bourell 4662 (MO). Hebei: Mt. Dongling, L.-Q. Yu 22a (PE); Mt. Xiaowutai, C.-W. Wang s.n. (PE). Heilongjiang: Hong-xin forest station, P.-C. Chen 10101 (PE), C. Gao 56 (MO). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 308, 315, 480 (all in MO, PE); Xing-shan Co., J.-X. Luo 961167 (MO, PE). Jilin: An-tu Co., Koponen 36852, 36944, 37254 (all in H, PE); Mt. Changbai, C. Gao 22251 (MO), Vitt 34828 (MO); Mt. Shanggailing, Vitt 34933 (MO). Nei Mongol: Mt. Daxinganling, Y.-L. Zhang 68 (PE). Shanxi: Heng-qu Co., S.-Y. Bao 2291 (PE). Sichuan: Jiu-long Co., Shevock 36174 (CAS, MO); Li Co., Redfearn 34948b (MO); Ma-er-kang Co., Redfearn 35066 (MO); Nan-ping Co., S. He 30371d (MO); Ruo-er-gai Co., S. He 30714c (MO); Song-pan Co., Redfearn 35192, 35233 (both in MO). Xinjiang: Bur-qin Co., R.-C. Ching 3121 (MO, PE), L.-X. Zu 396 (MO); He-jing Co., S. He 951140 (MO); Mt. Altai, S.-L. Chen 010 (MO), R.-C. Ching 3139 (MO, PE); Mt. Tianshan, S.-L. Chen 6 (MO). Yunnan: De-qin Co., Harris 883 (MO); Shangri-la Co., Shevock 35717, 35780 (both in CAS, MO).


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1. Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr   万年藓   wan nian xian
Naturh. Reise Schwedens 96. 1804. Neckera dendroides (Hedw.) Timm, Bot. Zeitung (Regensburg) 1: 79. 1802. Hypnum dendroides (Hedw.) With., Syst. Arr. Brit. Pl., ed. 4, 3: 341. 1801. Leskea dendroides Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 228. 1801. Type: Europe.
Plants rigid, yellowish green, slightly glossy. Primary stems creeping, densely covered with reddish brown rhizoids; secondary stems erect, 6–8 cm long, simple below, with stipe leaves densely imbricate, pinnately branched above; branches mostly erect, densely foliate, obtuse at the apex. Stipe leaves broadly ovate, with an obtuse apex, not plicate; margins plane, serrulate above; costae vanishing below the leaf apex; upper stem leaves oblong-ovate, longitudinally plicate, obtuse, serrulate at the apex; branch leaves narrowly oblong-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, longitudinally plicate, acute or obtuse at the apex, with small auricles at the base; margins serrulate above; costae slender, ending below the apex; apical leaf cells hexagonal; median cells narrowly elongate-hexagonal to linear, thin-walled; basal cells lax, hyaline. Perichaetia on secondary stems. Inner perichaetial leaves oblong-ovate, long acuminate at the apex. Setae 2–3 cm long, smooth; capsules cylindrical, slightly curved; opercula long rostrate; peristome double; exostome teeth narrowly lanceolate, finely papillose; endostome segments longer than the teeth, keeled, perforate; basal membrane low, cilia none. Spores 15–20 µm in diameter, finely papillose.


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