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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien I(3): 1048. 1908. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Ctenidium capillifolium (Mitt.) Broth. (Figs. 1–12.)
Map: Ctenidium capillifolium (Mitt.) Broth. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: on tree trunks, rotten wood, rocks, boulders or soil; alt. 400–1900 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, and Korea.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huang, P.-C. Chen et al. 7439 (MO), D.-K. Li 485, 2244 (both in SHM). Chongqing: Mt. Puyun, Y.-X. Xiong G002a (HKAS); Nan-chuan Co., X.-Y. Hu H0875, H0877 (both in MO, PE). Fujian: Mt. Wuyi, M. Zang 912 (HKAS). Guangdong: Le-chang Co., L. Zhang 707 (IBSC); Lian-xian Co., L. Zhang 787 (IBSC); Ru-yuan Co., G.-Q. Zeng 246, 254 (both in IBSC). Guizhou: Jiang-kou Co., Mt. Fanjing, C. Gao & J.-Y. Feng 31618, 31747, 31869 (all in IFSBH), Guiyang Teachers’ Univ. Biol. Dept. 180 (GHVB); Sui-yang Co., C. Gao & J. Y. Feng s.n. (IFSBH), C. Gao & J.-Y. Feng 32789, 33610, 33733 (all in IFSBH). Hunan: Yi-zhang Co., C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang 1054 (IFSBH). Jiangsu: Yi-xing Co., M. Zang 642 (HKAS). Jiangxi: Mt. Sanqin, E.-Z. Bai 37202, 27268, 37305, 37597 (all in IFSBH). Sichuan: Wan-yuan Co., G.-M. Peng 26 (XBGH). Taiwan: Hsin- chu Co., Shevock 18205 (CAS, MO). Yunnan: Kunming City, Y. Xuan 81-554, 81-8565 (HKAS), L.-S. Wang 81-8558 (HKAS), X.-J. Li 3057 (HKAS); Meng-hai Co., W.-X. Xu 6028, 6116 (both in MO); Meng-yang Co., W.-X. Xu 6688, 6891 (both in MO); Si-mao Co., W.-X. Xu 6961 (MO). Zhejiang: Mt. Yantang, Y.-M. Jin 3476 (NAS); Mt. Western Tianmu, M. Zang 748 (HKAS); Sui-chang Co., R.-L. Hong & Z.-L. Liu 205b, 206a (both in HSNU).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
general taxon notes:
This species is characterized by the divergent leaves with asymmetric leaf bases and twisted leaf apices.


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2. Ctenidium capillifolium (Mitt.) Broth.   毛叶梳藓   mao ye shu xian
Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1048. 1908. Stereodon capillifolius (Mitt.) Broth. in Paris, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 2: 990. 1902. Hypnum capillifolium (Mitt.) Par., Index Bryol. 619. 1896, hom. illeg. Hyocomium capillifolium Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., ser. 2, 3: 177. 1891. Type: Japan.
Ctenidium auriculatum Broth. in Card., Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2, 5: 324. 1913, nom. nud.
Ctenidium brevipe Broth., Öfvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 62A(9): 37. 1921.
Ctenidium robusticaule Broth. & Par. in Paris, Rev. Bryol. 37: 3. 1910.
Plants medium-sized to large, rather robust, pale yellowish green. Stems prostrate or somewhat ascending, ca. 3 cm long, pinnately or subpinnately branched, branches dense, ascending, rarely flattened, ca. 1 cm long; pseudoparaphyllia narrowly triangular- or broadly ovate-lanceolate. Stem leaves erect, rarely spreading, narrowly ovate- to broadly triangular-lanceolate, usually asymmetric, slenderly acuminate, sometimes twisted at apex, cordate at base, often excavate at basal margins, shortly decurrent, sometimes plicate; margins slightly recurved above, serrulate throughout; costae double, ca. 1/5 the leaf length; median leaf cells 60–70 µm × 4–5 µm, thick-walled, rarely porose; alar cells slightly differentiated, shortly rectangular or quadrate, thick-walled, the decurrent alar cells not clearly differentiated, sometimes rectangular; branch leaves narrowly ovate- to triangular-lanceolate, 1.4–1.7 mm × 0.3–0.5 mm, asymmetric, slenderly acuminate, often twisted at apex. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves erect or curved above, broadly ovate-lanceolate, rarely plicate, usually twisted at apex, serrulate above, costae double, separate at base, rarely forked, ca. 1/3 the leaf length, median cells thick-walled, porose. Setae ca. 2 cm long, yellowish to reddish brown, mostly smooth; capsules horizontal, curved, ovoid to shortly cylindrical, 1.2–1.5 mm × 0.5–0.6 mm; opercula shortly rostrate. Spores 11–16 µm in diameter.


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