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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 298–299. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/16/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Distribution     (Last Modified On 12/15/2011)
Habitat: on tree roots, shrubs, and rocks in running water; alt. 1650–1700 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Europe, Greenland, North America, and Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 12/15/2011)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Nei Mongol: Mt. Daixinanling, Y.-L. Zhang 83 (PE), X.-L. Bai 216 (from X.-L. Bai, 1993). Xinjiang: He-jing Co., S. He 951200 (MO); Mt. Altai, J.-R. Chen 86274 (PE); Mt. Tianshan, J.-C. Zhao 2656, 2714, 3069 (from J.-C. Zhao 1993).


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1. Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw.   水藓   shui xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 298. 1801. Pilotrichum antipyreticum (Hedw.) Müll. Hal. 2: 148. 1850. Type: Sweden.
Fontinalis antipyretica subsp. gothica (Cardot & Arnell) Podp., Consp. Musc. Eur. 507. 1954. Fontinalis gothica Cardot & Arnell, Rev. Bryol. 18: 82. 1891.
Fontinalis antipyretica subsp. gracilis (Lindb.) Kindb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 7(9): 50. 1883. Fontinalis antipyretica var. gracilis (Lindb.) Schimp., Syn. Musc. Eur. (ed. 2) 552. 1876. Fontinalis gracilis Lindb., Hedwigia 6: 39. 1867.
Plants large, elongate, green or dark green, not glossy, in loose tufts. Stems to 30 cm long, sparsely or densely irregularly pinnately branched. Stem and branch leaves similar, loose or dense, arranged in 3 ranks, narrowly ovate to oblong-ovate, ca. 7 mm long, strongly keeled, often rounded-obtuse or sometimes broadly acute at the apex, narrowed and slightly decurrent at the base; margins entire, plane or reflexed on one side; upper leaf cells elongate-rhombic to rhomboidal; median cells linear-rhomboidal to linear, 90–110 µm × 8–10 µm, thin-walled; basal cells narrowly rhomboidal or sublinear; alar cells lax, rectangular. Perichaetial leaves broadly rounded at the apex. Setae very short; capsules immersed, ovoid, ca. 2 mm long; peristome double; exostome teeth papillose, joined or separated at the apex, keeled, perforate; endostome segments joined by lateral appendages or rarely free. Spores spherical, ca. 15 µm in diameter, finely papillose.


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