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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien I(3): 511. 1903. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/29/2017)
Plant Category: Moss
EcoRegions: Chaco, Dry inter-Andean valleys
Elevation: 0-500, 500-1000, 1000-1500, 1500-2000
Substrate: soil
Frequency: infrequent

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/29/2017)
general taxon notes:

Ecology. Dry inter-Andean valleys and Chaco forest; on soil, soil covered rocks. Elevation: 230-1880 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Santa Cruz. World range: south-central United States (Texas), Mexico, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina. Given the present disjunct distribution at the extreme boundaries of the Neotropics, it is likely this species will ultimately be found in intervening areas where suitable dry habitats exist. This species is likely to be found in similar vegetation from the departments of Chuquisaca and Tarija.
Ecoregiones. Valles secos interandinos y bosque de Chaco. Hábitat. Sitios expuestos hasta parcialmente sombreados, sobre suelo, rocas cubiertas de suelo. Altitud. 230-1880 m. Distribución. Bolivia: Santa Cruz. Distribución mundial: sur-centro de Estados Unidos (Texas), México, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay y Argentina. Esta especie probablemente se encuentra en vegetación similar en los departamentos de Chuquisaca y Tarija.


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Plants small, forming dense tufts, pale green to glaucous-green. Stems with erect branches, to 5 mm tall. Leaves larger and crowded above, ovate, 1.5-4.0 mm long, deeply concave, apex acute; margins entire to bluntly serrulate at juncture with costa; costa single, slenderly long excurrent; upper and median cells oblong-hexagonal, firm-walled, corners somewhat thickened; lower cells oblong. Paroicous. Perichaetial leaves larger than stem leaves, enveloping the sporophyte. Seta very short, ca. 0.2 mm long, smooth. Capsule cleistocarpic, immersed, ellipsoid and somewhat apiculate or not, 1.0-1.5 mm long, strongly wrinkled; operculum and peristome absent. Calyptra conic-mitrate, covering tip of capsule. Spores large, ellipsoid or subglobose, finely granulose.
Plantas pequeñas, formando manojos densos, verdes pálidos a verdes blancuzcos. Tallos con ramas erectas, hasta 5 mm de alto. Hojas mayores y agregadas arriba, ovadas, 1.5-4.0 mm de largo, profundamente cóncavas, ápices agudos; márgenes enteros a obtusamente serrulados en la unión con la costa; costa simple, delgada larga excurrente; células superiores y medias oblongo-hexagonales, con paredes firmes, ángulos algo engrosados; células inferiores oblongas. Paroicas. Hojas periqueciales mayores que las hojas del tallo, envolventes al esporófito. Setas muy cortas, aprox. 0.2 mm de largo, lisas. Cápsulas cleistocárpicas, inmersas, elipsoides y algo apiculadas o no, 1.0-1.5 mm de largo, marcadamente arrugadas; opérculo y peristoma ausentes. Caliptra cónico-mitrada, cubriendo el ápice de la cápsula. Esporas grandes, elipsoides o subglobosas, finamente granulosas.


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