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!Bryoerythrophyllum inaequalifolium (Taylor) R.H. Zander Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: The Bryologist 83: 232. 1980. (Bryologist) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 2/15/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 2/15/2011)
Discussion:

Bryoerythrophyllum inaequalifolium has ovate, broadly rounded, non-apiculate leaves, a costa that is thickened and densely papillose near the apex, entirely revolute leaf margins, quadrate to oblate basal leaf cells (at times short-rectangular near the costa at the extreme base), and dense clusters of irregularly shaped axillary propagula. The peristome of this species is exceptionally well-developed which perhaps accounts for its original placement in Barbula. Zander (1980) transferred it to Bryoerythrophyllum because of its reddish color, large, c-shaped papillae, and acid-base color reactions. The illustrations of B. inaequalifolium in Zander (1968) are excellent; in contrast, the leaves drawn in Sharp et al. (1994) are not representative of this species. 

Illustrations: Fleischer (1923, Fig. 262 as Barbula reflexifolia); Zander (1968, Fig. 1–6); Zander (1981a, Pl. 4 16–19); Zander (1993, Pl. 24 1–10); Sharp et al. (1994, Fig. 207 g–k). Figure 16.
Habitat: On soil; 1950 m.
Distribution in Central America: GUATEMALA. Sacatepéquez: Standley 58979 (F). COSTA RICA. San José: Holz & Schäfer-Verwimp CR 99-1268 (GOET, MO).
World Range: Southeastern U.S.A.; Mexico; Central America; Western and Northern South America; China; Macaronesia, Northeast Tropical Africa; Indian Subcontinent, Malesia.

 

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Bryoerythrophyllum inaequalifolium (Tayl.) Zand., Bryologist 83: 232. 1980.

Barbula inaequalifolium Tayl., London J. Bot. 5: 49. 1846. Protologue: Ecuador. On Pichincha, near Quito, Prof. William Jameson, (Dr. Greville’s Herbarium.)

 

Plants small, reddish green, to 8 mm high. Stems red, erect, not or irregularly branched,  sclerodermis and central strand present; rhizoids red, smooth. Leaves 0.8–1 mm long, erect, spirally incurved when dry, erect-spreading when wet, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, plane above, obtuse; margins unistratose, revolute to the apex, entire, not bordered, not to weakly decurrent at base; costa percurrent or ending 1–2 cells below the apex, smooth at back except near the apex, ventral superficial cells quadrate to short-rectangular, pluripapillose, guide cells present, ventral stereid band weakly developed, dorsal stereid band present, ventral epidermal layer enlarged, papillose; upper cells 6–16 x 6–10 μm, firm-walled, oblate to irregularly quadrate, rounded-hexagonal, or short-rectangular, pluripapillose by thick, c-shaped papillae, basal cells smooth, those near costa 14–30 x 10–22 μm, short-rectangular, outer basal cells oblate to irregularly quadrate 6–20 x 12–16 μm, firm-walled, alar cells not differentiated. Propagula unicellular, globose to ellipsoidal propagula in dense axillary clusters. Dioicous. Perichaetia terminal; perichaetial leaves elongate, sheathing. Setae smooth, 12–15 mm long, red. Capsules cylindric, weakly curved, 2–3 mm long, smooth; exothecial cells long-rectangular; stomata in neck; opercula erect, long-conic, 1 mm long; annuli persistent, of 2–3 rows of vesiculose cells; peristome of 32 red, filamentous, spirally twisted, densely spiculose teeth on a low basal membrane, to1 mm long. Spores 8–12 μm, lightly papillose. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth, 2.5 mm long.

 

 

 
 
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