1. Pseudopohlia microstoma (Harv.) Mizush. 拟丝瓜藓 ni si gua xian
J. Jap. Bot. 46: 166. 1971. Brachymenium microstomum Harv. in Hook., Icon. 1: pl. 19, f. 4. 1836. Type: Africa.
Pseudopohlia bulbifera Williams, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 8(31): 346. pl. 172. 1914.
Pseudopohlia yunnanensis Herz., Hedwigia 65: 157. 1925. Type: China. Yunnan, Kunming City, Golden Temple, Handel-Mazzetti 75 (holotype H).
Plants small to medium-sized, up to 20 mm high, green, slightly glossy, in loose tufts. Stems pale reddish, erect, branched, densely foliate, with slender new branches. Leaves erect, appressed when dry, spreading when moist, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, ca. 1.5–2.0 mm long; margins recurved, serrulate above the middle; costae ending just below the apex, somewhat curved; median and upper leaf cells linear-rhomboidal; basal cells lax, rectangular. Gemmae ovoid, brownish in leaf axils of newly innovated branches. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves large, ca. 2.5 mm long, broad at base, acute, distinctly recurved at margins. Setae elongate, curved above, ca. 3–4 cm long, purple; capsules erect or slightly inclined, ca. 4.0 mm × 1.5 mm, ellipsoid, pale reddish; neck distinctly developed, shorter than urn; mouth narrowed; opercula conic, apiculate; annuli persistent, with a single row of cells, fragile; peristome double; exostome teeth 16, papillose; endostome segments hyaline or pale yellowish, perforate; basal membrane low; cilia 2. Spores ellipsoid, ca. 20 µm in diameter, strongly papillose.