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!Molendoa sendtneriana (Bruch & Schimp.) Limpr. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Die Laubmoose Deutschlands, Oesterreichs und der Schweiz 1: 250. 1886. (Laubm. Deutschl.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/18/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 8/14/2013)
EcoRegions: Puna, Yungas montane forest, Tucuman-Bolivian montane
Elevation: 1000-1500, 1500-2000, 2000-2500, 2500-3000, 3000-3500, 3500-4000, 4000-4500, 4500-5000
Substrate: soil, rocks
Frequency: common

Notes     (Last Modified On 8/14/2013)
general taxon notes:

Ecology. Open Yungas and Tucuman-Bolivian montane and puna; often in disturbed habitats, on soil and rocks. Elevation. 1450-4850 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija. World range: widespread, but not common, from Mexico, Central America, Andes, Alaska, Asia, Himalayas and Europe.

Molendoa sendtneriana is distinguished by the small, thick-walled epidermal stem cells, oblong-linear to ligulate leaves to 2 mm, rounded to broadly acute apex, entire margins, unistratose lamina, subpercurrent to short excurrent costa, 2 stereid band (but ventral band sometimes reduced or absent), pluripapillose, ± isodiametric upper cells, smooth to weakly papillose, rectangular basal cells, lateral appearing sporophytes (borne on short lateral branches), and absence of a peristome.


Ecoregiones. Zonas abiertas del bosque montano de Yungas y Tucumano-Boliviano y puna. Hábitat. Generalmente en sitios expuestos, a menudo en hábitats alterados, sobre suelo y rocas. Altitud. 1450-4850 m. Distribución. Bolivia: Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí y Tarija. Distribución mundial: amplia distribución, pero no común, desde México, Centro América, los Andes, Alaska, Asia, Himalayas y Europa.


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Plants rather small, forming dense tufts. Stems erect, to ca. 2.5 cm tall, few branched by innovations; in cross-section outer 1-2 rows of cells small, thick-walled, inner cells large, thin-walled, central strand distinct; often tomentose. Leaves appressed incurved when dry, spreading when wet, oblong-or linear-lanceolate, 1-2 mm long, to 0.2 mm wide, flat to broadly grooved along costa, apex acute-rounded, occasionally cucullate; margins plane, occasionally recurved below; costae single, sub- to percurrent, in cross-section few (2-4) stereid above guide cells, stereid band below well developed; upper cells subquadrate to oval or transversely short oblong-rectangular, 6-8 µm in diameter/long, pluripapillose, papillae 3-4 over cell lumen, simple or multiple; basal cells oblong-rectangular, to 20 µm long, to 8 µm wide, smooth to weakly papillose, very thick-walled, at basal margin often subquadrate. Dioicous. Perichaetia terminal on short lateral branches. Setae rather short, to ca. 6 mm long, twisted. Capsules erect, urn ovoid to cylindrical, to 1.5 mm long, when old rugose and mouth somewhat flared; annuli present, in 2-3 rows; opercula long rostrate, oblique; peristome absent. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth and naked. Spores spherical, 9-12 µm in diameter, smooth to lightly papillose.


Plantas muy pequeñas, formando manojos densos. Tallos erectos, aproximadamente hasta 2.5 cm de alto, poco ramificados innovaciones; en corte transversal 1-2 filas externas de células pequeñas, con paredes gruesas, células internas grandes, con paredes delgadas, cordón central conspicua; a menudo tomentosos. Hojas adpresas incurvadas en seco, patentes en húmedo, oblongas- o lineo-lanceoladas, 1-2 mm de largo, hasta 0.2 mm de ancho, planas hasta ampliamente sulcadas a lo largo de la costa, ápices agudo-redondeados, ocasionalmente cuculados; márgenes planos, ocasionalmente recurvados abajo; costa simple, sub- hasta percurrentes, en corte transversal pocas (2-4) estereidas encima de las células guía, banda de estereidas inferior bien desarrollada; células superiores subcuadradas hasta ovales o transversalmente cortas oblongo-rectangulares, 6-8 µm de diámetro/largo, pluripapilosas, papilas 3-4 sobre el lumen celular, simples o múltiples; células basales oblongo-rectangulares, hasta 20 µm de largo, hasta 8 µm de ancho, lisas hasta débilmente papilosas, con paredes muy gruesas, en la base del margen a menudo subcuadradas. Dioicas. Periquecios terminales en ramas laterales cortas. Setas muy cortas, ca. hasta 6 mm de largo, torcido. Cápsulas erectas, urna ovoide hasta cilíndrica, hasta 1.5 mm de largo, cuando madurasrugosas y boca algo acampanada; anillo presente, en 2-3 filas; opérculo largo-rostrado, oblicuo; peristoma ausente. Caliptra cuculada, lisa y desnuda. Esporas esféricas, 9-12 µm de diámetro, lisas a finamente papilosas.



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