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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 162–163. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/15/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Distribution     (Last Modified On 12/13/2011)
Habitat: on rocks, occasionally on trees; alt. 1700–4100 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Europe, and North and Central America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 12/13/2011)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Fujian: Mt. Wuyi, P.-C. Chen et al. 67 (PE). Hebei: Mt. Wutai, C.-W. Wang 1103 (PE); Zhongtaixiejiahu, C.-W. Wang 984 (PE). Nei Mongol: Mt. Wula, X.-L. Bai 258 (HIMC, NY); Xi-meng Co., Z.-G. Tong 1057, 1070 (both in PE). Qinghai: Nang-qian Co., B. C. Tan 95-1611, 95-1614 (both in FH, MO), 95-1615, 95-1630 (both in FH). Sichuan: Li Co., Allen 6781 (MO); Mao-wen Co., Allen 7363 (MO), Redfearn 35535 (MO); Song-pan Co., Allen 7306 (MO), Redfearn 35301, 35463 (both in MO); Xiang-cheng Co., Y. Jia 04714 (PE). Xinjiang: Ku-che Co., J.-C. Zhao 953248 (HBNU); Mt. Tianshan, B. Cao 66 (HBNU); Ni-le-ke Co., S. He 951128 (MO); Wu-su Co., S. He 951120 (MO). Xizang: Ba-su Co., Q. He 2899 (PE); Cha-yu Co., M. Zang 76372 (HKAS); Ri-dong Co., M. Zang 5678 (HKAS, YUKU); Mt. Asangshan, M. Zang 211 (HKAS); Rondu, Thomson 251 (BM). Yunnan: Wei-xi Co., Shevock 32305 (CAS, MO, PE); Zhong-dian Co., Long 18515 (E).


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2. Orthotrichum anomalum Hedw.  木灵藓   mu ling xian
Spec. Musc. 162. 1801. Orthotrichum anomalum subsp. anomalum (Hedw.) Bertsch, Moosflora 83. 1949. Dorcadion anomalum (Hedw.) Lindb., Musci Scand. 28. 1879. Weissia anomala (Hedw.) Roth ex P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Schreb., Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 3(2): 93. 1802. Type: Europe.
Plants small to medium-sized, dark green above, brown or black below, in more or less dense tufts. Stems 0.6–2.3 cm long, dichotomously branched; rhizoids present at base. Leaves erect, appressed when dry, lanceolate or narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 1.8–2.7 mm × 0.5–0.8 mm, acute at the apex; margins entire, reflexed or recurved in the middle part; costae subpercurrent; upper leaf cells rounded-quadrate or shortly elongate, 6–12 µm × 6–11 µm, thick-walled, with 1–2 simple, unbranched papillae per cell; basal cells rectangular or elongate-rhomboidal, 20–66 µm × 3–12 µm, moderately thick-walled, non-porose, smooth, gradually becoming shorter toward margins, larger and brown near the base. Gemmae not seen. Goniautoicous. Perichaetial leaves not differentiated. Setae ca. 3 mm long; capsules exserted, oblong-ovoid or cylindrical, with 8 or 16 deep furrows in the upper part when dry; stomata immersed; opercula shortly rostrate; peristome simple, prostome present; exostome teeth in 8 pairs, splitting into 16 when old, erect, yellow or red when dry, vertically striolate in the upper part, horizontally striolate in the lower part, sometimes not clearly striolate, dense papillose; endostome segments absent. Calyptrae oblong-conic, plicate, hairy. Spores spherical, 12–19 µm in diameter, coarsely papillose.


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