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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum, Supplementum Primum (2): 27–29, pl. 53 [top]. 1816. (Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/11/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/5/2017)
Plant Category: Mosses
country distribution: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
EcoRegions: Páramo, Puna, Montane Forest
elevation: 3000-3500, 3500-4000, 4000-4500, 4500-5000
substrate: rocks, shrubs
frequency: infrequent

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/5/2017)
Ecology: Shrubby páramo and humid puna; on rocks and shrubs. Elevation: 3200-5000 m (Venezuela: 3200 m, Colombia: ? m, Ecuador: 4000 m, Peru: 4000 m, Bolivia: 3800-5000 m). Distribution: Rather widespread in both hemispheres, throughout the Andes (excluding at this time Colombia).
Ecología: Puna y páramo arbustivo y puna húmeda; sobre rocas y arbustos. Elevación: 3200-5000 m (Venezuela: 3200 m, Colombia: ? m, Ecuador: 4000 m, Peru: 4000 m, Bolivia: 3800-5000 m). Distribución: De distribución más bien amplia en ambos hemisferios, a todo lo largo de los Andes (excluyendo esta vez Colombia).
Orthotrichum rupestre is distinguished by the ovate-lanceolate leaves to 4.5 mm, short to long acute or acuminate apex, recurved margins throughout, ± thick-walled, 2-3 papillose (branched) upper cells, thick-walled, nodose basal cells, occasionally bistratose distally, immersed to emergent capsules, 8 furrowed (distal 2/3-1/2) urn, superficial stomata, 8 (splitting to 16), mostly papillose exostome teeth erect to spreading when dry, densely papillose endostome (equal to half the exostome length), smooth to weakly plicate calyptrae with few to many hairs. Synonyms include Orthotrichum nivale Spruce and Orthotrichum praeruptorum Herzog.
Orthotrichum rupestre se distingue por las hojas ovado- lanceoladas hasta 4.5 mm, ápices cortos a largos, agudos o acuminados, márgenes completamente recurvados, paredes ± gruesas, células superiores 2-3 papilosas (ramificadas), con paredes gruesas, células basales nodulosas, ocasionalmente biestratificadas distalmente, cápsulas inmersas a emergentes, urna con 8 canales (2/3-1/2 distales), estomas superficiales, generalmente papiloso exostoma dientes erectas a patente cuando seco, 8 (divididos hasta 16), endostoma densamente papiloso (igual o hasta la mitad del exostoma), caliptra lisa a débilmente plegada con pocos a muchos pelos.



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