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Publicado en: A Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States. Second Edition 611. 1856. (Manual (ed. 2)) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Datos del Proyecto Nombre (Last Modified On 10/17/2009)
Aceptación : Accepted
Datos del Proyecto     (Last Modified On 4/12/2018)
Plant Category: Mosses
country distribution: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia
EcoRegions: Páramo, Montane Forest, Open montane
elevation: 500-1000, 1000-1500, 1500-2000, 2000-2500, 2500-3000, 3000-3500, 3500-4000
substrate: soil, leaf litter / humus
frequency: infrequent
General Reference:

Notas     (Last Modified On 4/12/2018)

Ecology: Premontane to montane and páramo; on wet boggy soil and along stream banks. Elevation: 850-3800 m (Venezuela: 850-1500 m, Colombia: 1800-3800 m, Ecuador: 2430-2830 m, Bolivia: 2625 m). Distribution: Eastern North America (Atlantic and Gulf region), tropical Andes, southeast Brazil. Sphagnum tenerum has also been recognized as a variety of S. capillifolium (Crum 1984). Assigned to section Acutifolia.

Ecología: Premontano a montano y páramo; en suelo pantanoso húmedo y a lo largo de orillas de corrientes. Elevación: 850-3800 m (Venezuela: 850-1500 m, Colombia: 1800-3800 m, Ecuador: 2430-2830 m, Bolivia: ? m). Distribución: Este de Norteamérica (Atlántico y la región del Golfo), Andes Tropicales, sudeste de Brasil. Algunas veces reconocido como una variedad de Sphagnum capillifolium (Crum 1984). Asignada a la sección Acutifolia.

The report of this species is questioned by Anderson et al. (2009) and requires further investigation. 


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Plants slender, yellowish-green, sometimes tinged with pink or red. Capitulum densely globose. Stems yellow, cortical cells 4-layered, short rectangular, fibrils absent, without pores or rarely with large pores on distal ends. Stem leaves triangular to ovate-oblong, 1.5-2 mm, apex involute-pointed, toothed, margin border narrow, only slightly expanded at base; hyaline cells often 1(2)-divided, fibrillose throughout, on the outer surface with few to many elliptical, ringed, commissural pores, on the inner surface with 3-5 large, round gaps (nearly the width of the cell lumen). Branches in fascicules of 3-4 (2 spreading). Branch leaves crowded and imbricate, ovate, 1.2-2 mm, apex acute to short or long acuminate, concave, somewhat to distinctly involute near the apex; hyaline cells on the outer surface with round to elliptic commissural pores, large toward leaf middle and base, on the inner surface pores few or none to many large round pores throughout; in cross-section green cells narrowly triangular to trapezoidal,, exposed exclusively or more on the inner surface, hyaline cells strongly convex on the outer surface, weakly convex on the inner. Crum 1984, Anderson et al. 2009.



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