Home Moss Flora of China
Name Search
Moss Checklist
Moss Flora
Guide to Authors
!Symphyodon echinatus (Mitt.) A. Jaeger Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenSearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Bericht über die Thätigkeit der St. Gallischen Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 1876–77: 296 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 362). 1878. (Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/23/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Illustrations: Symphyodon echinatus (Mitt.) A. Jaeger (Figs. 1–7.)
Map: Symphyodon echinatus (Mitt.) A. Jaeger (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Habitat: on tree trunks.
Distribution: China, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Yunnan: Jing-hong Co., J.-K. Zhang 780–3, 1236–1 (MO); Lu-xi Co., Q. Li 1243a (IBSC); Yang-bi Co., west side of Mt. Diancang, Redfearn & Y.-G. Su 793 (MO, NY, SMS).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
general taxon notes:
Symphyodon echinatus appears to be closely related to S. imbricatifolius (Mitt.) S. P. Churchill from Central and South America, but it differs from the latter in having strongly dimorphic stem and branch leaves, distinctly decurrent stem leaves, shorter and strongly prorate leaf cells, and longer and stronger double costae. The presence of brood bodies is also a distinguishing feature of S. echinatus.


Export To PDF Export To Word


1. Symphyodon echinatus (Mitt.) Jaeg. 异叶刺果藓 yi-ye ci-guo xian
Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 296. 1878. Stereodon echinatus Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 110. 1859. Type. India: Sikkim, Hooker 734 (holotype NY; isotypes BM, S, W).
Plants medium-sized, to 3 cm long, yellowish green to brownish green, not glossy. Stems with somewhat dendroid shoots bearing many bipinnate to tripinnate branchlets. Leaves appressed, clearly dimorphic; stem leaves ovate-lanceolate, 1.3–1.4 mm × 0.5–0.6 mm, symmetric, gradually tapered, narrowly acuminate at the apex; margins irregularly serrate above, serrulate or subentire below, often clearly decurrent at the base; branch leaves 0.7–0.9 mm × 0.30–0.40 mm wide, slightly incurved on one side or on both sides, oval, broadly ovate to oblong-ovate, cordate or oblong-lanceolate; all leaf apices broadly to moderately broad acute; margins irregularly serrate in the upper 2/3, serration formed by a row of enlarged cells, subentire below; costae unequal, extending to 2/5–1/2 total leaf length; apical leaf cells not particularly shorter than the adjacent cells; median cells linear, 30–40 µm × 2.5–3.5 µm, strongly prorate at the upper ends, especially in branch leaves; alar cells differentiated, quadrate to rectangular, thick-walled, of 2–4 rows extending 2–4 cells up the margins. Perichaetial leaves sheathing at the base, abruptly narrowed to a long acumen, cells thick-walled, porose, costae very short, double. Sporophytes not seen.


© 2018 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110