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Published In: Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, sér. 2 16: 279. 17. 1841. (Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/23/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Illustrations: Symphyodon perrottetii Mont. (Figs. 8–11.)
Map: Symphyodon perrottetii Mont. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Habitat: on branches or saplings.
Distribution: China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Guangxi: Long-sheng Co., J.-M. Jin 386 (MO). Hainan. Chang-jiang Co., Reese 17646 (LAF, MO); Mt. Jiefengling, P.-C. Chen 473a (MO, PE); Mt. Limuling, B.-J. Lin 90 (IBSC, MO); Tong-shi Co., B.-J. Lin 2170 (IBSC, MO). Taiwan: Kao-hsiung Co., C.-C. Chuang 1078 (NY); Ping-tung Co., C.-C. Chuang 1460 (NY).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
general taxon notes:
Symphyodon perrottetii is a primarily tropical Asian species, but its distribution range reaches northward to China (Hainan, Guangxi, Taiwan) and southern Japan. This species is distinguished by its often elongated plants (to 15 cm long), rather large capsules (2.8–3.3 mm × 1.0–1.2 mm), and strongly serrate, acuminate, often undulate branch leaves. It usually grows on tree branches.


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2. Symphyodon perrottetii Mont. 刺果藓 ci-guo xian
Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., ser. 2, 16: 279, f. 17. 1841. Type. India: Nilghiri, Perrottet s.n. (holotype RO; isotypes BM, FH, G, NY).
Plants medium-sized to rather large, slender, to 10 cm long, yellowish green to brownish green or golden reddish, somewhat glossy. Stems elongate, pinnately to bipinnately branched. Leaves appressed, slightly dimorphic; stem leaves oblong-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, ca. 2.0 mm × 0.8 mm; apices broadly acuminate; margins serrate to serrulate; branch leaves smaller, sometimes more or less undulate when dry, oblong-oval to oblong-lanceolate, 1.1–1.3 mm × 0.35–0.45 mm; apices narrowly acuminate, often incurved on both sides at the apex; margins somewhat incurved, regularly serrate above the middle, serration formed by a row of enlarged cells, subentire below; all leaves with costae unequal, extending to 1/3–1/2 total leaf length; apical leaf cells not clearly shorter than the adjacent cells; median cells linear, 40–60 µm × 3–5 µm, faintly prorate on stem leaves, often clearly prorate on branch-leaves; alar cells differentiated, rectangular, thick-walled, of 3–5 rows extending 3–5 cells up the margins. Perichaetial leaves sheathing at the base, gradually or abruptly narrowed from the middle to a long acumen, cells thick-walled, strongly porose, 2–3-costate, costae extending to 1/4 total perichaetial leaf length. Setae 1.2–1.5 cm long, papillose distally, smooth proximally; capsules erect, cylindrical, nearly symmetric, 2.8–3.0 mm × 1.0–1.1 mm, densely echinate, spines to 75 µm long; exothecial cells oblong-rectangular, 90–100 µm × 17–18 µm; annuli differentiated, of 3–4 rows of small cells; opercula long conic-rostrate, ca. 1.6 mm long, sometimes echinate; exostome teeth ca. 0.4 mm long, smooth or papillose, the basal cells of outer plates separated by a weakly furrowed line; endostome segments reduced, 0.10–0.15 mm long, adnate to the exostome teeth at the base; basal membrane obscure. Spores ca. 17 µm in diameter, distinctly papillose.


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