Ecology. Chaco and dry inter-Andean valleys; on trunk of trees (including Prosopis nigra, Schinus molle). Elevation. 400-3200 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Cochabamba, Santa Cruz. World range: rather widespread, United States, Europe, southern Africa, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
Syntrichia laevipila is characterized by the small plant stature to ca. 4 mm, spathulate leaves to 3 mm, acute apices, entire, erect to plane margins, short excurrent costa strongly papillose on back, smooth or toothed awn, and presence of highly reduced leaf-like papillose-celled propagula found in the axil of upper leaves or stem tips. The Fuentes collection was made in the vicinity of Estancia Perforación, associated with secondary Chaco forest dominated by Chloroleucon chacoense. Syntrichia pagorum (Milde) J.J. Amann is a synonym.
Specimens. Cochabamba: Linneo 245 (MO, MUB, USZ); Santa Cruz: Churchill 22360 (MO, USZ), Fuentes C. 2891 (MO, USZ).