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Published In: Muscologia Britannica 79–80. 1818. (Muscol. Brit.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/27/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/27/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/27/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu (ed.) 2001 (Pl. 73, figs. 11–18); Granzow de la Cerda 1997 (Fig. 11, a–e).
Click here for distribution map.
Map: Anomodon viticulosus (Hedw.) Hook. & Taylor (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/27/2009)
Habitat: frequently growing on calcareous rock surfaces, rarely on other rocks.
Distribution: China, Korea, Japan, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Vietnam, Russia (Siberia), Europe, North America, and North Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/27/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Beijing: Fang-shan Co., B.-C. Chen 362 (MO, PE). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 223, 254b (MO, PE). Jilin: Mt. Changbai, C.-J. Lin 2953 (PE). Shaanxi: Mt. West Tai-bai, Z.-P. Wei 6603 (MO, WUK); Zhou-zhi Co., M.-X. Zhang 446 (MO, WUK). Shanxi: Qinyuan Co., Mt. Lingkongshan, Y.-J. Ling 85072, 85076 (SXU, PE). Sichuan: Tian-quan Co., S. He 32053 (MO). Taiwan: Hua-lien Co., Shevock 15071 (MO). Yunnan: Kun-ming City, Redfearn 1853 (MO); Lu-nan Co., Redfearn et al. 2251 (MO); Meng-hai Co., Magill et al. 7867 (MO); Meng-la Co., Redfearn et al. 33957 (MO); Song-ming Co., Redfearn et al. 1853 (MO); Xishuangbanna, P. C. Wu 21836 (PE), W.-X. Xu 6267, 6336 (PE).


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9. Anomodon viticulosus (Hedw.) Hook. & Taylor 牛舌藓 niu-she xian
Muscol. Brit. 79. 1818. Neckera viticulosa Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 209. 1801. Type. Germany: Giessen.
Anomodon subintegerrimus Broth. & Par., Rev. Bryol. 27: 77. 1900.
Plants robust, dark yellowish green to pale yellowish green, brown or yellowish brown when old, caespitose, in loosely tufted mats. Primary stems creeping, nudicaulous, secondary stems erect, 4–10 cm long; branches remote, 1–3 cm long; central strand present. Stem leaves crisped when dry, erect-spreading when moist, crowded, ovate or oblong, sheathing at base, gradually narrowed to elongate lingulate, rounded obtuse at the apex, 2.5–6.0 mm long; leaf margins papillose; costa single, nearly excurrent; median leaf cells rounded hexagonal or hexagonal, 10–22 µm wide, densely papillose; branch leaves narrowly ovate-lingulate, slightly smaller than the stem leaves. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves ovate, lanceolate toward the apex, ca. 1.5 mm long. Setae slender, yellowish brown, smooth; capsules ovoid, 2–3 mm long; opercula conic with beaks; exostome teeth yellowish brown, ca. 0.5 mm long, papillose above; endostome segments ca. 2/3 the length of exostome teeth; basal membrane very low. Calyptrae smooth. Spores ca. 15 µm in diameter.


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