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Published In: Nova Hedwigia 45: 290. 1987. (Nova Hedwigia) Name publication detail
 

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Discussion: Marked by its autoicous condition, elongate median leaf cells, thin-walled, hyaline basal cells, and lack of flagellate stem tips, Campylopodiella stenocarpa is a common Central American species that may be confused with Ditrichum because of its small size and deeply divided peristome teeth. The small leaves are difficult and tedious to section, but an examination of its costa in cross section and its autoicous sexual condition makes the species unmistakable.
Illustrations: Bartram (1949, Fig. 23 D–F, as Atractylocarpus costaricensis); Padberg and Frahm (1985, Figs. 64–70, as Atractylocarpus stenocarpus); Müller and Frahm (1987, Pl. III 1–8); Frahm (1991a, Fig. 163).
Habitat: On tree trunks and decaying logs (frequently on pine and juniper in Guatemala and Honduras), occasionally on shaded banks and wet rocks; 1080–3300 m.
Distribution in Central America: GUATEMALA. Alta Verapaz: Türckheim (NY); Baja Verapaz: Sharp 2691 (MO, US); Chimaltenango: Standley 57827a (F, FH); El Progreso: Steyermark 43436 (F, FH, US); Jalapa: Steyermark 32493 (F, FH, NY); Quetzaltenango: Sharp 2114 (MO); Quiché: Richards et al. 3082 (F, MO, NY); Sacatepéquez: Standley 65223a (F, FH); San Marcos: Sharp (US); Tontonicapán: Standley 84535 (F, FH, NY, US). EL SALVADOR. Santa Ana: Watson 101 (MO). HONDURAS. Comayagua: Standley 56399 (F, FH, NY, US); El Paraíso: Rodríguez 1747 (F, MO); Intibuca: Standley 25411 (F); Lempira: Allen 11184 (MO, TEFH); Morazán: Standley & Molina 4307 (F, FH). NICARAGUA. Granada: Miller et al. 1417 (MO). COSTA RICA. Alajuela: Crosby & Crosby 6270 (MO); Cartago: McDaniel 6753 (NY); Heredia: Gómez 21307 (MO, NY); Limón: Gutiérrez 202 (F); Puntarenas: Davidse et al. 28526 (MO); San José: Gómez 20059 (MO). PANAMA. Chiriquí: Croat 26896 (MO).
World Range: North-Central U.S.A.; Mexico; Central America.

 

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Campylopodiella stenocarpa (Wils. in Seem.) P. Müll. & Frahm, Nova Hedwigia 45: 290. 1987. Trichostomum stenocarpum Wils. in Seem., Bot. Voyage Herald 344. 1857. Atractylocarpus stenocarpus (Wils. in Seem.) Zander, Bryologist 5: 128. 1982. Type. Mexico, Sierra Madre, Seemann 1925.

Leptotrichum costaricense C. Müll., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 16: 161. 1858. Metzlerella costaricensis (C. Müll.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 10: 191. 1924. Atractylocarpus costaricensis (C. Müll.) Williams, Bryologist 31: 110. 1928. Type. Costa Rica, Los Nubes, Wendland.

Dicranum pittieri Ren. & Card., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31(1): 146. 1893. Metzleria pittieri (Ren. & Card.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 146. 1892. Type. Costa Rica, Forêts du Rancho Flores, (Pittier Pl. Costaricensis 5507) (NY, US).

Metzleria tuerckheimii Broth. in Card., Rev. Bryol. 38: 100. 1911, nom. nud. Based on Guatemala, Alta Verapaz, Cobán, Türckheim (NY); Cubilguitz, Türckheim.

Plants yellowish green, stems erect, 8–15 mm long. Leaves evenly spaced, appressed to somewhat secund or spreading above when dry, concave, stem leaves lanceolate from a short ovate base narrowed into a long acumen, 3.0–7.0 mm long, apex subulate; margins incurved, entire below, weakly serrulate at the apex; costa to 1/3 the leaf width at base, excurrent, smooth; upper cells elongate to linear, homogeneous, thick-walled, smooth; basal cells rectangular, hyaline, thin-walled, those at the margins longer, narrower, and firm-walled forming a distinct border; alar cells weakly differentiated, frequently fugacious, hyaline or red-brown, thin-walled. Autoicous. Perigonia terminal on short branches below the perichaetia. Setae 7–20 mm long; capsules 2.5–3.0 mm long; peristome yellowish, teeth lanceolate, striate at base, papillose above, cleft nearly to the base; opercula 1.0–1.5 mm long. Calyptrae 2.0–3.0 mm long, smooth. Spores 11–13 µm, lightly papillose, yellow-green.

 

 
 
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