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Published In: Nova Hedwigia 52: 322. 1991. (Nova Hedwigia) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/29/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/22/2013)
country distribution: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
EcoRegions: Montane Forest
elevation: 500-1000, 1000-1500, 1500-2000, 2000-2500, 2500-3000, 3000-3500, 3500-4000
substrate: shrubs, treelets and trees
frequency: common

Notes     (Last Modified On 6/22/2013)

Ecology: Montane forest; epiphytic in moist, shaded sites, on shrubs, branches, less often trunks of treelets and trees. Elevation: 700-3700 m (Venezuela: 2080-2580 m, Colombia: 1790-3500 m, Ecuador: 700-3700 m, Peru: 750-2750 m, Bolivia: 1000-3310 m, NW Argentina: 900-1555 m). Distribution: Widespread in the montane regions of the Neotropics and Africa (including Madagascar).
Ecología: Bosques montanos; epífita en sitios húmedos, sombreados, sobre arbustos, ramas, menos frecuente sobre troncos y arbolillos y árboles. Elevación: 700-3700 m (Venezuela: 2080-2580 m, Colombia: 1790-3500 m, Ecuador: 700-3700 m, Perú: 750-2750 m, Bolivia: 1000-3310 m, NO Argentina: 900-1555 m). Distribución: Ampliamente distribuida en las regiones montanas del Neotrópico y Africa (incluyendo Madagascar).
Aerolindigia capillacea is distinguished by the slender pendent plants, costa 1/3–1/2 leaf length, and papillose seta to 4.5 mm. Synonyms include Hypnum anomalum Hampe, Leskea aciculata Taylor (Lindigia aciculata (Taylor) Hampe), Lindigia hypnoides Hampe nom. illeg., L. trichomitria Müll. Hal., Neckera papillipes Müll. Hal. ex Hampe, Rhynchostegiella attenuata E. B. Bartram.


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Plants small and rather slender, forming loose mats, mostly light green to yellowish-green. Stems creeping, distally spreading, branches few, short, irregularly pinnate; in cross-section outer 2-3 rows small and thick-walled, inner cells larger, thin-walled, central strand well developed; pseudoparaphyllia foliose. Stem leaves loosely erect-spreading, ovate-lanceolate, 1.9-2. 1 mm long, 0.8-0.9 mm wide, apex acuminate, often twisted, base slightly decurrent; margins mostly plane, reflexed at base, serrulate throughout or entire at base; costae single, ca. 1/2 lamina length or less; cells smooth, median cells fusiform to oblong-fusiform, 30-40 µm long, 4-6 µm wide, thick-walled; basal cells occasionally weakly porose; inner marginal cells at base ± differentiated, oblong short to long rectangular. Branch leaves smaller, narrowly lanceolate, 1.5-1.7 mm long, to 0.5 mm wide. Autoicous. Perichaetia lateral; leaves lance-subulate, to 2.2 mm long. Setae elongate, 3.5-4.5 mm long, ± flexuose, papillose throughout. Capsules suberect to inclined, urn ovoid-cylindrical, 1-1.4 mm long, constricted below mouth when deoperculate; annuli present; opercula conic-long rostrate, 0.7-1 mm long, oblique; peristome double, exostome teeth 16, densely cross-striate below, distally coarsely papillose, endostome basal membrane low, segments 16, keeled and perforate, cilia absent. Calyptrae cucullate, 1.6-2 mm long, naked, smooth below, distally roughened. Spores spherical, ca. 20-30 µm in diameter, papillose.


Plantas pequeñas y bastante delgadas, formando matas laxas, por lo general de color verde a verde-amarillento. Tallos reptantes, distalmente patentes, pocas ramas, cortas, irregularmente pinnadas; en corte transversal 2-3 filas externas de células pequeñas y con paredes gruesas, células internas mayores con paredes delgadas, cordón central bien desarrollado; pseudoparáfilos foliosos. Hojas del tallo laxamente erecto-extendidas, ovado-lanceoladas, 1.9-2. 1 mm de largo, 0.8-0.9 mm de ancho, ápices acuminados, a menudo torcidos, bases escasamente decurrentes; márgenes generalmente planos, reflexos en la base, completamente serrulados o enteros en la base; costa simple, ocupando aproximademente 1/2 de la longitud de la lámina o menos; células lisas, células mediales fusiformes hasta oblongo-fusiformes, 30-40 µm de largo, 4-6 µm de ancho, con paredes  gruesas; células basales en ocasiones débilmente porosas; células internas del borde ± diferenciadas en la base, corto-oblongas hasta largo-rectangulares. Hojas de las ramas menores, angostamente lanceoladas, 1.5-1.7 mm de largo, hasta 0.5 mm de ancho. Autoicas. Periquecios laterales; hojas lanceolado-subuladas, hasta 2.2 mm de largo. Setas largas, 3.5-4.5 mm de largo, ± flexuosa, completamente papilosas. Cápsulas suberectas hasta inclinadas, urna ovoide-cilíndrica, 1-1.4 mm de largo, constrictas debajo la boca cuando están desoperculadas; anillo presente; opérculo largo-cónico rostrado, 0.7-1 mm de largo, oblicuo; peristoma doble, exostoma con 16 dientes, estrías densamente cruzadas hacia la base, distalmente gruesamente papilosos, membrana basal del endostoma baja, 16 segmentos, carinados y perforados, cilios ausentes. Caliptra cuculada, 1.6-2 mm de largo, desnuda, lisa en la base, distalmente rugosa. Esporas esféricas, ca. 20- 30 µm de diámetro, papilosas.



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