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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 657. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: Nearly 70 species, mostly in Temperate Zones; only 8 recorded from our area.


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Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, usually subglabrous or sparsely hairy with simple hairs. Leaves mostly lyrate-pinnatipartite, lower petiolate; upper sessile to subsessile. Racemes many flowered, elongated in fruit. Flowers small or mediocre, mostly yellow; pedicels often spreading and ± thickened. Sepals erect, not or slightly saccate at base. Petals nearly twice as long as the sepals, oblong-obovate, narrowed into a claw. Stamens 6; filaments not appendaged but often broadened at base; anthers oblong, obtuse or subobtuse. Lateral nectar glands annular, quadrate or hexangular; middle glands joining the laterals, often torose or short stalk-like. Ovary linear-cylindrical, sessile, usually many ovuled; style short, thickened with depressed, ± 2-lobed, capitate stigma. Siliquae linear-subcylindrical, erect to spreading, often elongated, bilocular, dehiscent; valves ± convex and 3-veined, usually glabrous; septum hyaline, rarely subfun¬gose; seeds 1-seriate, usually many, oblong or ellipsoid, brown, not mucilaginous when wet; radicle mostly incumbent.

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1 Siliquae ± conical, tapering towards the apex; pedicels short, inconspicuous (2)
+ Siliquae linear-subcylindrical, slightly to obscurely narrowed above, often elongated; pedicels often long, conspicuous (3)
2 (1) Siliquae 10-15(-17) mm long, appressed to the axis Sisymbrium officinale
+ Siliquae 20-30(-40) mm long, erect or subspreading, not appressed to the axis Sisymbrium erysimoides
3 (1) Pedicels c. as thick as the pod (4)
+ Pedicels slightly or not thickened in fruit (5)
4 (3) Cauline leaves almost entire, often subhastate or hastate, terminal lobe oblong or sublanceolate Sisymbrium orientale
+ Cauline leaves deeply lobed with linear or filiform lobes Sisymbrium altissimum
5 (3) Petals (2-) 2.5-4 (-4.5) mm long (6)
+ Petals (5-) 6-9 mm long (7)
6 (5) Siliquae 25-40 mm long, ascending; stigma ± 2-lobed Sisymbrium irio
+ Siliquae 60-80 mm long, spreading, stigma depressed- capitate Sisymbrium heteromallum
7 (5) Siliquae 20-40 mm long, ascending Sisymbrium loeselii
+ Siliquae (50-) 60-80 mm long, usually spreading horizontally Sisymbrium brassiciforme

Lower Taxa
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