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Paracorynanthe Capuron Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Adansonia: recueil périodique d'observations botanique, n.s. 18: 160. 1978. (Adansonia, n.s.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/10/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 7/20/2011)
Generic Distribution: endemic
Generic Species Diversity and Endemism Status: has been evaluated
No. of species in Fl. Madagasc.: not published
Accepted Published Species: 2 endemic
Estimated Unpublished Species: none
Estimated Total Species: 2 endemic
Additional Taxonomic Work: not currently required
Species Level Data Entry: complete

Paracorynanthe is closely related to Hymenodictyon; these genera share a woody, sometimes deciduous habit; interpetiolar, triangular, often deciduous stipules; cymose, bracteate inflorescences that are terminal and often also produced in the uppermost leaf axils; bisexual flowers with 5 calyx lobes, corolla lobes, and stamens; funnelform corollas with the lobes valvate in bud; rather small, ellipsoid, lenticellate, capsular fruits with loculicidal dehiscence; and one to numerous flattened, winged seeds per locule. Some species in both genera characteristically have a pair of petaloid, long-stipitate bracts borne at the base of the inflorescence. These are generally pale green to white or sometimes pink. Razafimandimbison & Bremer (2006) revised these genera, and found them together to comprise the tribe Hymenodictyeae which is closely related to Naucleeae.

Paracorynanthe differs from Hymenodictyon as well as the other Rubiaceae in Madagascar in its unusual corollas, which have each lobe ornamented at the tip by a prolonged appendage that comprises a pilose stipe 3-4 mm long that bears a black globose club. The inflorescences of Paracorynanthe are rounded or corymbiform in general shape, while in Hymenodictyon the inflorescences or at least the axes are often spiciform. The ovaries of Paracorynanthe have 1-2 ovules per locule, while those of Hymenodictyon have 2-40 ovules per locule. The bark of Paracorynanthe characteristically falls in large plates or plaques.

Evaluated by: P.B. Phillipson (May 2011)
Compiled or updated by: P.B. Phillipson (May 2011); notes and keys added by C.M. Taylor VII 2011

Images and Maps     (Last Modified On 7/20/2011)
Photos: Paracorynanthe antankarana Capuron ex J.-F. Leroy (Living plant)



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