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Smilax L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1028. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of c. 350 species. Represented here by 3 native and 1 cultivated species.

 

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Mostly climbing, occasionally erect, shrubs and undershrubs; often prickly. Leaves alternate, usually entire, 3-5-nerved; nerves convergent, veins reticulate. Flowers small, dioecious, bracteolate or not. Perianth segments 6, in 2 series, free. Male flower: stamens 6, anthers didymous, pistillodes absent. Female flower: staminodes 3 or 6, stigmas sessile, recurved. Fruit 3-locular. Seeds ellipsoid.
 

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1 Climbing shrubs. Tendrils present. Female flowers not solitary (2)
+ Small erect shrub or undershrub; not a climber. Tendrils absent. Female flowers solitary Smilax vaginata
2 (1) Umbels solitary or in racemes. Staminodes 6 Perianth spreading. Leaves obtuse, acute or mucronate (3)
+ Umbels 2-3 on a common peduncle. Staminodes 3. Perianth recurved in mature flowers. Leaves cuspidate Smilax macrophylla
3 (2) Umbels in racemes. Flowers white. Staminal filaments c. 3 mm long. Stems prickly Smilax aspera
+ Umbels solitary. Flowers purple. Staminal filaments subsessile. Stems smooth Smilax glaucophylla
 
 
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