SOLMS-LAUBACHIA Muschler, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 205. 1912.
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Tribe: Euclidieae de Candolle, Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 7(1): 236. 1821.
Name derivation: for Hermann Maximilian Carl Ludwig Friedrich zu Solms-laubach (23 December 1842 - 24 November1915), German botanist and former director of the botanical garden in Göttingen.
Type species: Solms-laubachia pulcherrima Muschler.
Desideria Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1926: 111. 1926. Type: Desideria mirabilis Pamp.
Ermaniopsis H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 49: 198. 1974. Type: Ermaniopsis pumila H. Hara.
Oreoblastus Suslova, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57: 648. 1972. Type: Oreoblastus flabellatus (Regel) Suslova (based on Parrya flabellata Regel.
Herbs, perennial, sometimes pulvinate, with branched caudex covered with petioles of previous years. Trichomes absent or simple, rarely short-stalked, 2-rayed. Multicellular glands absent. Stems absent or present and simple, leafy or leafless. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire or 3−9(−11)-toothed, pinnately or palmately veined; cauline leaves absent or similar to basal ones and short petiolate to subsessile, not auriculate. Racemes (3−)6−30-flowered, bracteate or ebracteate, corymbose, with straight rachis, elongating or not in fruit, sometimes flowers solitary on long pedicels originating from center of rosette. Sepals oblong to ovate, free or united, persistent or deciduous, erect, equal, base of inner pair not saccate; petals purple, blue, pink, or rarely white, erect at base with flaring blade, longer than sepals; blade suborbicular, obovate, to spatulate, apex obtuse to emarginate; claw subequaling or longer than sepals, glabrous, unappendaged, entire. Stamens 6, included, erect, tetradynamous; filaments wingless, unappendaged, glabrous, free, dilated or not at base; anthers oblong-linear to ovate, not apiculate at apex. Nectar glands 2 and lateral, or confluent and subtending bases of all filaments; median nectaries absent or present; ovules 6-30(−70) per ovary; placentation parietal. Fruit dehiscent silique or silicle, linear, oblong, ovate, or lanceolate, latiseptate, readily detached at maturity from pedicel, rectangular in cross section, not inflated, unsegmented; valves papery, reticulate veined, with a prominent midvein and marginal veins, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, not keeled, unappendaged, adnate with replum at fruit apex, margin angled; gynophore absent; replum rounded, concealed by connate valve margins; septum complete or rarely perforated or reduced to a rim, membranous, not veined, rarely absent; style obsolete, rarely to 1 mm; stigma capitate, entire or 2-lobed, lobes not decurrent. Seeds uniseriate or biseriate, wingless, broadly ovate to suborbicular or oblong, flattened; seed coat reticulate, rugose, or papillate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent. x = 7.
Twenty-six species: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang (Tibet), Yunnan), India (Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim), Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Tajikistan.
References: Al-Shehbaz (2001a), Al-Shehbaz & Yang (2001), Yue et al. (2003, 2004, 2005, 2008).
See interactive key to the species