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Published In: Ueber einige künstliche Geschlechter aus der Malven-Familie 45–46. 1787. (Malvenfam.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of about 10 species distributed in temperate and warm regions. Six or mare species native to S. and S.E. Asia, the Philippines, Indonesia and others S.W. Pacific islands to N. Australia. In Pakistan it is represented by 5 species.


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Annual to perennial herbs or undershrubs. Leaves usually palmately 3-5-lobed or partite; stipules linear or filiform, caducous. Flowers axillary, solitary or in terminal racemes by the reduction of leaves. Epicalyx segments 4 to many, up to 16, free or connate at base, persistent or caducous. Calyx adnate to corolla, lobed or toothed, irregularly splitting into 2(-3) lobes during anthesis, spathaceous, caducous. Corolla usually yellow with a dark purple centre, falling along with calyx and staminal tube. Staminal column included, antheriferous all over. Carpels 5; ovary pubescent, 5-loculed. Fruit loculicidally dehiscent capsule, oblong or cylindric. Seeds many in each cell, glabrous or hairy.

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1 Epicalyx segments linear to narrowly lanceolate 6-16, caducous after dehiscence of the fruit (2)
+ Epicalyx segments ovate or broadly lanceolate, 4-8, caducous after dehiscence of the fruit, (linear to lanceolate in A. ficulneus but caducous before expansion of corolla) (4)
2 (1) Epicalyx segments usually 6-10, 0.5-2 cm long, lanceolate. Fruit longer than epicalyx (3)
+ Epicalyx segments 10-16, 2.5-5 cm long. linear or filiform. Fruit shorter than or equalling to epicalyx Abelmoschus crinitus
3 (2) Pedicel 0.5-1.5 cm long. Fruit 7-25 cm long Abelmoschus esculentus
+ Pedicel 1.5-7.5 cm long or more. Fruit up to 8 cm long Abelmoschus moschatus
4 (1) Epicalyx segments ovate or broadly lanceolate, caducous after dehiscence of the fruit. Capsule with coriaceous valves Abelmoschus pungens
+ Epicalyx segments linear to lanceolate, caducous before expansion of corolla. Capsule with membranous valves Abelmoschus ficulneus
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