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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 437. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/12/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/16/2015)
Area distribution:

Over 60 species, mainly in north-temperate regions.


Three more species, all annual, grow in special habitats on Mt. Hermon: C. fragillimum Boiss. (common), C. inflatum Gran. (very common), C. illyricum Ard. (very rare and Endangered). 


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Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes shrubby, usually hairy. Leaves opposite, mostly sessile, entire, exstipulate. Flowers white, mostly in terminal, dichasial cymes. Sepals 5 (4), free. Petals 5 (4), rarely 0, emarginate to 2-fid, rarely entire. Stamens 10 (8), sometimes 5 or less. Hypogynous disk present. Ovary 1-celled; styles 5, sometimes 3-4. Capsule scarious, usually longer than calyx, cylindrical or oblong, dehiscing by short teeth the number of which is twice that of styles. Seeds many, globular or reniform, mostly tuberculate; embryo almost annular.    



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