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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/28/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/28/2013)
Genus PHYTOLACCA L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 441. 1753.
Synonym Sarcoca Raf. Tell. 3:55. 1837. Pircunia Moq. in DC. Prodr. 132:29. 1849.
Description Tall perennial herbs or shrubs. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, petiolate, ex- stipulate, generally glabrous. Inflorescence a terminal, or extra-axillary raceme; the pedicels basally bracteate, often with 1 or more bracteoles above. Tepals 5, equal, usually glabrous, persistent or deciduous in fruit. Stamens 8-22, inserted at the base of the calyx usually on a hypogynous disc, in 1 or 2 cycles, the filaments free, the anthers dorsifixed. Ovary subglobose, 5- to 1 6-carpellate, the carpels completely or only partly united, the styles equal in number to the carpels, terminal, generally connivent, often recurved, the ovule solitary in each cavity. Fruit a globose 5- to 16-celled fleshy berry. Seed 1 in each cavity, the endosperm mealy.
Habit herbs or shrubs
Distribution About 26 species, tropical and subtropical, mostly in the Americas, some in Africa, Asia, and Asia Minor.
Key a. Carpels connate at the base, the apices free; styles free; tepals reflexed in fruit........................................ 1. P. RUGOSA aa. Carpels completely connate, styles free but connivent; tepals either erect or spreading in fruit, or deciduous. b. Carpels 6-10; stamens 8-20; tepals erect or spreading in fruit; raceme up to 20 cm. long ................... . 2. P. ICOSANDRA bb. Carpels 10-16; stamens 9-22; tepals deciduous in fruit; raceme up to 5 5 cm . long .............................................. 3. P. RIVINOIDES
 
 
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