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Fagonia L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 386. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of about 45 species; distributed in deserts and dry arid regions from south west Asia to Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, Mediterranean region, south West Africa, Chile and south west United State.

 

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Diffusely branched, basally suffrutescent, annual or perennial herbs. Leaves opposite, simple or palmately 1-3(-7)-foliolate; stipules often spiny and acicular; leaflets entire, mucronate. Inflorescence of solitary axillary flowers. Flowers pedicellate, actinomorphic, hypogynous, pentamerous, rosy, purplish-pink or violet rarely yellow; disc minute, indistinct. Sepals 5, free, mucronate, imbricate, deciduous or persistent. Petals 5, free, clawed, imbricate, caducous. Stamens 10, free, inserted on disc, filaments filiform, unappendaged, anthers oblong. Ovary 5-carpelled, sessile, pentagonous, 5-loculed, each locule with 2, erect, collateral ovules on ascending funicle; style angular, stigma simple. Capsule deeply 5-angled, pyramidal or globular, septicidally dehiscent into 5, one-seeded cocci from the base. Seeds erect, broadly oblong, compressed with horny endosperm and mucilaginous testa; embryo straight, cotyledons ovate.
 

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1 Leaves simple or unifoliolata (2)
+ Leaves trifoliolate or lower leaves tri and upper unifoliolate (5)
2 (1) Stem with quadrangular internodes (3)
+ Stem with cylindrical or terete internodes (4)
3 (2) Leaflets up to 18 mm long. Sepals 3-4 mm long. Petals 6-8 mm long Fagonia olivieri
+ Leaflets 4-12 mm long. Sepals less than 3 mm long. Petals up to 6 mm long Fagonia bruguieri
4 (2) Plant glabrous or young pats pruinose glandular. Leaves unifoliolata, narrow to broadly lanceolate. Sepals persistent Fagonia indica
+ Plant covered with sticky glands. Leaves simple, narrow to broadly oblanceolate or broadly ovate. Sepals deciduous Fagonia ovalifolia
5 (1) Plant glabrous (6)
+ Plant covered with sessile or stipitate glands or hairs (7)
6 (5) Flowers less than 1.5 cm across. Sepals 3-4 mm long. Petals 4-6 mm long. Fruit pedicel about twice as long as long as the capsule Fagonia indica
+ Flowers 1.5 cm or more in diameter. Sepals c. 5 mm long. Petals 1.2-1.5 cm long. Fruit pedicel equal to capsule Fagonia acerosa
7 (5) Stem with quadrangular internodes (8)
+ Stem with cylindrical internodes (9)
8 (7) Leaves unifoliolata, up to 18 mm long Fagonia olivieri
+ Lower leaves tri, upper unifoliolate. Leaflets up to 12 mm long Fagonia bruguieri
9 (7) Leaflets oblong-ovate to rhombic. Sepals less than 3 mm long. Fruit pedicel shorter than capsule Fagonia glutinosa
+ Leaflets linear-oblong. Sepals 3-4 mm long. Fruit pedicel c. twice as long as capsule Fagonia indica
 
 
 
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