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!!Citrullus Schrad. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Enumeratio Plantarum Africae Australis Extratropicae 2: 279. 1836. (Enum. Pl. Afr. Austral.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S. NAZIMUDDIN AND S. SHAHARYAR H. NAQVI
General/Distribution: A small genus of 3 species in Africa and Asia. Represented here by one wild and one cultivated species.

 

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Annual or perennial, trailing or climbing herbs, monoecious. Tendrils simple, or proximally 2-3(-4)-fid. Leaves simple, usually deeply bipinnately lobed. Flowers yellow, medium sized; all (male and female) flowers solitary. Calyx short, campanulate, calyx lobes moderately large. Petals 5, united below the middle. Stamens inserted on the tube, 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, free, connective broad, thecae flexuous. Ovary hairy, subglobose, ovules many, horizontal; staminodes present; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit medium to large, globose or subspherical, greenish, pericarp firm, mesocarp fleshy, indehiscent. Seeds many, usually ovate in outline, compressed, smooth or slighty rough.
 

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1 Perennials with scabrid stem. Tendrils not robust, simple, rarely 2-fid. Fruit up to 7 cm in diameter. [wild]. 1 Citrullus colocynthis
+ Annuals with softly villous stem. Tendrils robust, 2-3-fid. Fruit up to 30 cm in diameter. [cultivated]. 2 Citrullus lanatus
 
 
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