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Published In: Enumeratio Plantarum Africae Australis Extratropicae 2: 279. 1836. (Enum. Pl. Afr. Austral.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A small genus of 3 species in Africa and Asia. Represented here by one wild and one cultivated species.


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Annual or perennial, trailing or climbing herbs, monoecious. Tendrils simple, or proximally 2-3(-4)-fid. Leaves simple, usually deeply bipinnately lobed. Flowers yellow, medium sized; all (male and female) flowers solitary. Calyx short, campanulate, calyx lobes moderately large. Petals 5, united below the middle. Stamens inserted on the tube, 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, free, connective broad, thecae flexuous. Ovary hairy, subglobose, ovules many, horizontal; staminodes present; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit medium to large, globose or subspherical, greenish, pericarp firm, mesocarp fleshy, indehiscent. Seeds many, usually ovate in outline, compressed, smooth or slighty rough.

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1 Perennials with scabrid stem. Tendrils not robust, simple, rarely 2-fid. Fruit up to 7 cm in diameter. [wild]. 1 Citrullus colocynthis
+ Annuals with softly villous stem. Tendrils robust, 2-3-fid. Fruit up to 30 cm in diameter. [cultivated]. 2 Citrullus lanatus
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