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Published In: Saggi scientifici e letterarj dell' accademia di Padova 1: 115–116. 1786. (Saggi Sci. Lett. Accad. Padova) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 8 species; distributed in China, tropical south cast Asia, Pacific Islands (Fiji), tropical Africa and Madagascar. Represented by 3 ornamental species in Pakistan.


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Medium to large, deciduous trees. Leaves cordate, 3-5-lobed, long petioled. Inflorescence paniculate. Flowers unisexual or bisexual or both on the same plant. Sepals 5, united into a long tube or slightly basally connate. Petals absent. Stamens usually 10(-30); anthers sessile or on short filaments. Carpels (4-) 5, apocarpous; ovaries unilocular, 2,4 or 6-ovuled; styles free, short; stigma recurved. Follicles membranous, stipitate, opening long before maturity. Seeds few, adhering to the margins, wrinkled when dry.

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1 Sepals almost free, slightly basally connate, reflexed Firmiana simplex
+ Sepals united into a tube (2)
2 (1) Calyx c. 5 mm across, coral red. Follicle 2-seeded Firmiana colorata
+ Calyx c. 10 mm across, yellowish. Follicle 1-seeded Firmiana pallens
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