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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/12/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/12/2012)
Genus CLEOME L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 671. 1753.
Synonym Pedicellaria Schrank in Roem. & Usteri, Mag. f. Bot. 3:10. 1788. Gynandropsis DC. Prodr. 1:237. 1824, in major part. Podogyne Hoffmsgg. Verz. Pfl. Nachtr. 185. 1840.
Description Herbs, sometimes suffrutescent, rarely clambering, frequently glandular- pubescent or thorny; leaves alternate, stipulate or exstipulate, usually palmately compound, occasionally simple, the leaflets entire or minutely callose-serrulate; inflorescence racemose, terminal or both terminal and lateral, few- to many- flowered, bracteate, rarely ebracteate; calyx deeply 4-parted, persistent or decidu- ous; petals 4, more or less unequal, usually unguiculate; disc usually present, symmetrical or asymmetrical, rarely absent; stamens 6, rarely 4, inserted on a short or more or less elongate androgynophore, occasionally nearly sessile, the fila- *ments more or less unequal and declinate; ovary borne upon a more or less elongate gynophore, rarely nearly sessile, the stigma sessile or stipitate, the ovules numerous; fruit a dry, terete silique, dehiscing from the persistently joined replum by 2 valves; seeds cochleate-reniform, smooth, minutely tuberculate, or transversely rugose.
Habit Herbs
Key

a. Large clambering thorny subshrubs; fruiting gynophores several times longer than the pedicels; seeds irregularly subquadroid; flowers with a conspicuous disc persisting in the fruit .............1. C. LONGIPES

aa. Erect or ascending annual herbs; fruiting gynophores shorter than the pedicels to somewhat longer; seeds cochleate-reniform. b. Plants armed with stout spines at the nodes and occasionally upon the petioles. c. Plants relatively stout, conspicuously glandular-pubescent; leaflets 5-7; flowers relatively large, pink, occasionally white; fruiting gynophores about as long as the pedicels ....................... 2. C. SPINOSA

cc. Plants relatively slender, inconspicuously pubescent; leaflets 3-5, the lowermost frequently 1; flowers relatively small, green to greenish-purple; fruiting gynophores much shorter than the pedicels- ......... 3. C. PANAMENSIS

bb. Plants unarmed.' c. Flowers with a conspicuous glandular disc persisting in fruit. d. Fruiting gynophores longer than the pedicels ....................... 4. C. PUBESCENS

dd. Fruiting gynophores shorter than the pedicels .. 5. C. PILOSA

cc. Flowers without a glandular disc, or the disc not well manifest and not obvious in fruit. d. Inflorescence with foliaceous bracts; fruiting gynophores- well- manifest.

e. Plants relatively stout; leaflets 5-9; flowers large and showy with a conspicuous androgynophore; seeds smooth or irregu- larly tuberculate ............................... 6. C. SPECIOSA

ee. Plants relatively slender; leaflets 3; flowers rather small, without a conspicuous androgynophore; seeds very strongly transverse-rugose ............................. 7. C. CILIATA

dd. Inflorescence without bracts, or the bracts extremely reduced; fruiting gynophores nearly obsolete ................................. 8. C. SERRATA

 
 
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