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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 303. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S.I. Ali
Contributor Institution: Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
General/Distribution: A genus with 130 species, distributed in temperate region of Northern Hemisphere; represented in Pakistan by 5 species.


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Perennial herbs. Bulbs usually tunicated with few tightly packed scales which gradually become thin and scarious towards the outer side with 3-4 nut-l ike fleshy ones inside the bulb. Daughter bulbs are produced from inner scales. Foliage leaves verticillate, opposite or alternate, sessile lanceolate. Inflorescence a raceme or an umbel, often flower solitary. Flowers nodding, actinomorphic. Perianth campanulate or saucer-shaped. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, each of outer whorl oblanceolate, obovate or elliptic, those of inner whorl often broader, gibbous, nectiferous at base, blunt. Nectaries at the base or slightly above the base of tepal. Stamens 6, epitepalous, anthers pseudobasifixed, dehiscence latrose. Ovules many, style longer than ovary, stigma trifid or trilobate. Capsule flat topped, 6-lobed or winged. Seeds many, broadly winged.

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1 Flowers in false umbel with the leaf-l ike floral bracts arranged in a tuft over topping the flowers (2)
+ Flowers racemose or solitary, bracts not over-topping the flowers (3)
2 (1) Flowers bright yellow, nectaries 1.5-2.5 mm in diameter 1 Fritillaria chitralensis
+ Flowers in shades of orange-red, nectaries 4-5 (-8) mm in diameter 4 Fritillaria imperialis
3 (1) Bracts 1-2 at the base of the pedicel (4)
+ Bracts 3 at the base of the pedicel (7)
4 (3) Filaments at least twice as long as the anthers (5)
+ Filaments slightly longer than anthers 6 Fritillaria pallidiflora
5 (4) Bulbs upto 3.0 x 3.0 cm. Tepals 1.5 x 1.0 cm, filament 0.9-1.1 cm (6)
+ Bulbs 4-5 x 4-5 cm. Tepals 3-4 (-5) x 1.5-2.0 cm, filament 2.2 cm 7 Fritillaria raddeana
6 (5) Capsule winged 3 Fritillaria gibbosa
+ Capsule wingless 5 Fritillaria karelinii
7 (3) Bulb 2-3 cm in diameter, leaves linear-lanceolate, tip obtuse to acute-acuminate 2 Fritillaria cirrhosa subsp. roylei
+ Bulb 1-2 cm iln diameter, leaves linear with cirrhose tips
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